Structural Analysis Wiki

Technical Terms Used in Dlubal Software

The Dlubal Structural Analysis Wiki explains technical terms used in structural analysis and design. The terms are given in alphabetical order and are usually used in Dlubal Software.

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S Surface Support

A surface support is used to support surfaces in RFEM. The support conditions ux, uy and uz as well as the shear springs vxz and vyz can be defined here. Furthermore, you can define whether to apply the nonlinearity in the uz-direction. In this dialog box, you can also find the option to activate spring constants for the surface support determined in the RF-SOILIN add-on module.

A surface support can be assigned to any surface entered in RFEM graphically or using tables. Support conditions can be set either to completely "rigid" or "elastic" by defining a spring stiffness.

Support or Springs in Cu,x, Cu,y, Cu,z

The direction of the supports or springs refers to the local coordinate system of the relevant surface which is assigned to the surface support. The local coordinate system of the surfaces can be displayed by using the Display Navigator or the shortcut menu.

The support perpendicular to the surface is controlled by entering Cu,z. The entries for Cu,x and Cu,y describe the resistance against the displacement of the plate in the x- and y-direction.

Shear springs Cv,xz, Cv,yz

By entering values in these boxes, the shear resistance of the soil is considered in the direction of the surface axes x or y. In most cases, the Pasternak constant Cv is between 0.1 ⋅ Cu,z (low shear resistance) and 0.5 ⋅ Cu,z (average shear resistance). Cv,xz = Cv,yz can usually be applied. If the support in uz has been set to "rigid" (see Figure 01), no entry is possible for the shear springs Cv,xz and Cv,yz.

Theoretical Background

The theoretical background about the "effective soil model" implemented in RFEM is documented in Chapter 4.9 of the RFEM manual.

Results for Surface Supports

Once surface supports have been used in a model, the contact stresses σz, τyz and τxz are available as a result after the calculation. In Table 4.21 "Surfaces - Contact Stresses," the columns H to J including the reaction forces Rx, Ry and Rz are additionally available for the entire surface.