How can I deduce the axial stress and hoop stress of a circular container?

Answer

Since there are only the directions x- and y- in the plane for surfaces, it is first necessary to define which should be the hoop stress and which the axial stress. In the following example, sigma_x should be the axial stress and sigma_y the hoop stress.

The example consists of an inclined circular container (Figure 01). After the modeling, the program tries to align the local axis systems on the global axis system (Figure 02). However, the x‑axis should run along the container for all surfaces in this case. This orientation can be achieved as follows.

First, the z‑axis of all surfaces must point inwards or outwards. In the example, the outside direction has been selected. If this is not the case for the surface, you can right-click the surface and use the "Reverse Local Axis System" feature to move the z‑axis to the other surface side. Then, select all surfaces and open the Axes tab in the Edit Surface dialog box. Figure 03 shows the dialog box. In this case, one of the boundary lines oriented axially has been selected. Figure 04 shows the aligned local axis systems now. All x-axes are axial and all y-axes run in the circumferential (hoop) direction.

Figure 05 shows the results of the membrane stresses axial (sigma‑x,m) and along the circumference (sigma‑y,m).

Keywords

Hoop stress Axial stress Meridian stress Tank Silo Coordinate system

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RFEM Main Program
RFEM 5.xx

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Structural engineering software for finite element analysis (FEA) of planar and spatial structural systems consisting of plates, walls, shells, members (beams), solids and contact elements

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