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AnswerThe add-on module RF-MAT NL is already integrated in RFEM 5. It is assumed that the following material models can be used:Isotropic Plastic 1DIsotropic Plastic 2D/3DIsotropic Nonlinear Elastic 1DIsotropic Nonlinear Elastic 2D/3DOrthotropic plastic 2DOrthotropic 3D plasticIsotropic Masonry 2DIsotropic damage 2D / 3D
The stiffness type "free of membrane tension" describes the plate and plate stiffness of surfaces.The plate stiffness including the shear stiffness perpendicular to the surface plane is linearly elastic and the plate stiffness in the surface plane is defined nonlinearly elastic with the material model according to "Drucker-Prague" depending on the defined thickness and the assigned material.In order to ensure that the surface behaves "draft-free" in the pane direction, the nonlinear material model reacts with tensile direct tensile stress fy, t that approaches zero for tensile-stressed elements in combination with a relatively small solidification modulus Ep. For compression forces, however, the elements remain linearly elastic due to a relatively high compression set tension stress fy, c, and react with an unrestricted compression force transmission.Since the "membrane-free" stiffness type fundamentally modifies the slice degrees of freedom of surfaces, it is only offered for surfaces in the relevant model types 3D, 2D-XZ (uX / uZ / φY) and 2D-XY (uX / uY / φZ).To better describe the partial nonlinearity of this surface stiffness type, the release "RFEM 5.06.1103" on 4.02.2016 renames the type from "Without Tension" to "Without Design".
AnswerThe ratio g / t is the ratio between the total width of the mortar strip and the thickness of the masonry wall. The ratio of butt joint mortaring should not be less than 0.4 according to the standard specification.
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