#### Further Information

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• ### How can surfaces on other surfaces or bars be hinged / compliant?

Basically, elements in RFEM are rigidly connected. To solve this problem, two elements are suitable in RFEM. The line joints and the line releases. The difference is explained in the link below.
• ### After the calculation, I get an indication of a large deformation. Why can not I find this deformation in the output?

New FAQ 002912 EN-US Results RFEM

If you define line loads on a line that is decoupled from the overall system, that line becomes compliant. The program checks this incorrect entry and gives a hint (Fig. 1). However, there are structures where this line is kept at a different point. In this case, the program continues to calculate after the user has confirmed the note. However, since the deformation for such a decoupled line becomes very large, it is not displayed in the graphic output.

We generally recommend not to load lines that are decoupled via a line release or line joint.

• ### According to which coordinate system are line joints aligned?

Axial / transverse joint or spring

The degrees of freedom are based on the following definition of the axis system: The axis x points in the direction of the line;
the axis y represents the tangent to the surface plane, the axis z the normal to the surface.

The text boxes and table columns control the degrees of freedom for axial and shear forces. Is a
Checkbox, this means that the shift in this direction is possible and
thus the power is not transferred. It can also be entered the constant of a Wegfeder
become.

Torque joint or spring

The degrees of freedom of the moments are related to the local joint coordinate system (axis
x in the direction of the line, axis y as tangent and axis z as normal to the surface plane). On
Check mark means that the twist is free and the cut size is not transferred. Es
You can also enter the constant of a torsion spring.

There is already an interesting technical article on the subject of line joints on our website .

• ### What are the differences between a line gel and a line release?

Line joint:

Line joints control the connections between surfaces. Thus, complete decoupling of surfaces or yielding couplings via linear springs can be considered.
The line joint functions to reduce the stiffness in the adjacent first row of elements of the associated surface according to the degrees of freedom chosen. In concrete construction can with a line joint z. B. an assembly joint can be defined. In timber construction, modeling with line hinges is necessary due to the very limited rotation transmission of forces.

Line release:

With line sharing, elements connected to a line (bars, areas, and volumes) can be decoupled from each other. A new line will be generated in the same place, transmitting only the locked degrees of freedom. In contrast, non-linear effects can be taken into account for a line joint (see Figure 2).

First, the line release type must be created. This defines the open degrees of freedom or spring constant and optionally nonlinearities. Subsequently, the line release for bars, areas and volumes can be made on individual lines. The axis system of the release can also be manipulated in the same dialog box.

If line joints have already been used in a position, they can be quickly converted to a line release (see Figure 3). This makes it very easy to consider nonlinear effects in the system.
• ### Why do I get a bending moment in the area around the column in my model, even though the area has been fitted with a line joint?

The area on the right in Fig. 1 therefore receives a moment in the area of the support because this surface is rigidly connected to the support (the surface itself does not have a line joint). If one wants to exclude this moment, one would therefore have to create an additional line joint for the right-hand surface or provide the support with a rod end joint.
• ### Is it possible to display the resultant for the results of a line release or a line joint?

FAQ 002417 EN-US Results RFEM

For example, when dimensioning and selecting fasteners between two surfaces, it is helpful to know the resulting forces or moments between the surfaces.

The resultant for the results of line hinges and line releases can be displayed in the Results navigator under the entry "Releases". A distance-related evaluation (see Figure 01) or viewing the total value (see Figure 02) is possible.

• ### Is there a possibility to insert identical line joints on several surfaces at the same time?

FAQ 002333 EN-US Modeling | Structure RFEM

Line joints can be efficiently assigned using the function "Assign to lines graphically" (see Video 1 Graphically assigning line joints) You can call the function via the menu "Insert -> Model data -> 1.10 Line joints -> Assign to lines graphically" (see Fig 1 graphically assign line joints).

Attachments
Video1-en.wmv (1.41 MB)