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Wind Simulation & Wind Load Generation

With the stand-alone program RWIND Simulation, wind flows around simple or complex structures can be simulated by means of a digital wind tunnel.

The generated wind loads acting on these objects can be imported to RFEM or RSTAB.

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  1. Evaluating the First Mode Shape

    Determining Seismic Loads per Story by Means of Nodal Constraints

    When introducing and transferring horizontal loads such as wind or seismic loads, there are increasing difficulties in 3D models. To avoid such issues, some standards (for example ASCE 7, NBC) require the simplification of the model by using diaphragms that distribute the horizontal loads to structural components transferring loads, but cannot transfer bending themselves (called "Diaphragm").

  2. Approximate Consideration of P-Delta Effects with Amplification Factors in RF-DYNAM Pro - Equivalent Loads

    P-Delta Effects and Seismic Design According to the ASCE 7-16 and NBC 2015

    As gravity loads act on a structure, lateral displacement occurs. In turn, a secondary overturning moment is generated as the gravity load continues to act on the elements in the laterally displaced position. This effect is also known as "P-Delta (Δ)." Sect. 12.9.1.6 of the ASCE 7-16 Standard and the NBC 2015 Commentary specify when P-Delta effects should be considered during a modal response spectrum analysis.

  3. Dlubal Online Service

    Seismic Loads on Buildings in Germany

    DIN EN 1998-1 with the National Annex DIN EN 1998-1/NA specifies how to determine seismic loads. The standard applies to structural engineering in seismic areas.

  4. Figure 01 - Structural System

    Nonlinear Time History Analysis Using the Example of a Tower Structure with Prestressed Cables

    There can be numerous nonlinearities in a structural system. In order to model them realistically in a dynamic analysis, the RF-DYNAM Pro - Nonlinear Time Histoey add-on module was developed. To explain how the add-on module works, the procedure is described below with an example.

  5. Structural Modeling in RFEM

    Determination of Story Drift According to ASCE 7-16 Under Seismic Loads

    The story drift of a building provides valuable information about its structural behavior under seismic loads.
  6. Determination of the Maximum Horizontal and Vertical Loads to Calculate the Stability Coefficient

    Consideration of P-Delta Effects (Second-Order Analysis) in the Response Spectrum Analysis According to ASCE 7-16

    RFEM offers the option to perform a response spectrum analysis according to ASCE 7-16. This standard describes the determination of seismic loads for the US-American market. It might happen that the so-called P-Delta effect has to be considered due to the stiffness of the entire structure to be able to calculate the internal forces and carry out the design.
  7. Generation of Result Beam

    Determination of Transversal Shear Under Seismic Loads

    In RF-/DYNAM Pro - Equivalent Loads, the equivalent seismic loads can be calculated according to different standards. By calculating the equivalent loads for each eigenvalue, it is not directly possible to obtain the transversal shear for each story to perform an analysis afterwards. The following example describes the option to calculate the transversal shear quickly and efficiently.
  8. Figure 01 - Spectral Acceleration Sa [m/s²] Versus Natural Frequency f [Hz] of Narrow-Band Response Spectrum According to EN 1998-1 [1]

    ZPA Method in Response Spectrum Analysis

    In a multi-modal response spectrum analysis, it is important to determine a sufficient number of eigenvalues of the structure and to consider their dynamic responses. Regulations such as EN 1998-1 [1] and other international standards require to activate 90 % of the structural mass. This means: to determine as many eigenvalues that the sum of the effective modal mass factor is greater 0.9.

  9. Signed Results Using the Dominant Mode

    Signed Results Using the Dominant Mode

    In RF-/DYNAM Pro - Equivalent Loads, a signed result option in accordance to the dominant eigenmode is available since version X.06.3039. For the modal combination of results corresponding to the single eigenvalues a quadratic combination rule has to be used, in RFEM and RSTAB the SRSS and the CQC rule are available. It is only allowed to combine results not loads directly. The reason are the mode shapes which are arbitrarily scaled and signed.

  10. Settings of the Time Course Monitor

    Settings of the Time Course Monitor

    The Time Course Monitor displays results of a time history analysis from RF‑/DYNAM Pro - Forced Vibrations. The graphic can be adjusted in the settings. This can be reached via the right click in the context menu. For example you can activate or deactivate the grid in the graphic. Those changes are overtaken into the printout report when you print the graphic.

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