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- One software package for all application areas
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- Proven software used in many well-known projects
Why Dlubal Software?
Wind Simulation & Wind Load Generation
With the stand-alone program RWIND Simulation, wind flows around simple or complex structures can be simulated by means of a digital wind tunnel.
The generated wind loads acting on these objects can be imported to RFEM or RSTAB.
Buildings are structures surrounded by wind. The flow around it creates specific loads on the surfaces, which are to be used for the design in structural analysis.
The following study compares the wind pressure on a tall building obtained by RWIND Simulation with the results published by Dagnew et al. at the 11th Americas Conference on Wind Engineering in June 2009. In this paper, the Commonwealth Advisory Aeronautical Council (CAARC) building is used as a model and results of several different numerical methods are compared with experimental data obtained from wind-tunnels.
The wind load of rectangularly rounded structural components is a complex matter. The equivalent forces from wind load depend on the strength of the circulating wind load and the component geometry.
DIN EN 1998-1 with the National Annex DIN EN 1998-1/NA specifies how to determine seismic loads. The standard applies to structural engineering in seismic areas.
In Germany, DIN EN 1991-1-4 with the National Annex DIN EN 1991-1-4/NA regulates the wind loads. The standard applies to civil engineering works up to an altitude of 300 m.
In Germany, DIN EN 1991-1-3 with the National Annex DIN EN 1991-1-3/NA regulates the snow loads. The standard applies to civil engineering works at an altitude of up to 1,500 m above sea level.
In theory, an ideal gas consists of freely moving mass particles without extension in a volume space. In this space, each particle moves at a speed in one direction. The collision of one particle with another particle or the volume limitations lead to a deflection and a change in the speed of the particles.
Cable and tensile membrane structures are regarded as very slender and aesthetic building constructions. The partly very complex double-curved shapes can be found using suitable form-finding algorithms. A possible solution is, for example, to search the form via the equilibrium between the surface stress (provided prestress and an additional load such as self-weight, pressure, etc.) and the given boundary conditions.
In RFEM, structures can be modelled and analysed in a spatial environment. The permanent 3D visualization helps to better understand complex models and to represent the force flux. However, it is also possible to switch from a spatial mode to a planar sheet mode in the documentation of a calculation. For this, you have to describe the spatial calculation of the structure with all the necessary properties on ‘flat’ paper pages for an independent reader. Usually, you try to display the load actions and the corresponding results by using an orthogonal view of the substructure of the entire structure. Obviously, the load symbols depicted in the 3D mode in a view perpendicular to the load become unrecognizable due the missing expansion. In order to still be able to create a clear representation of all information, the corresponding adjustments are available in RFEM.
If a bending load of a brittle beam element (an unreinforced concrete beam) is increased by means of the bending capacity, the structure responds by breaking the cross-section, and the member is separated into two segments. At the time of the failure, the broken part suddenly loses its potential to transfer the bending moment. Due to the segmentation, the critical part also fails to transfer the other force types, such as axial forces.
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