RF-CONCRETE Surfaces Version 5

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RF-CONCRETE Surfaces Version 5

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2.6.2 Principal internal forces

Principal internal forces

If the first principal internal force is negative, we assume uncracked concrete in the area of the analyzed surface element. For walls, only the magnitude of the concrete compression stress is checked in such a case. For plates, at least at this surface side, no serviceability limit state design is carried out.

For a wall, if the first principal axial force is a tension force, the provided concrete tensile stress is determined according to the following equation.

σc,l = nlAc = nlb · h 

For a plate, if the first principal moment is a positive moment, the provided concrete tensile stress is determined as follows.

σc,l = mlW = ml · 6b · h2 

If this linear-elastically determined stress σc,I is greater than the mean value of the axial tensile strength fctm, a cracked concrete is assumed. Only then does RF-CONCRETE Surfaces determine the design internal forces for the individual directions of reinforcement and performs the serviceability limit state designs mentioned at the beginning of chapter 2.6.

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