RF-CONCRETE Surfaces – Online Manual Version 5

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RF-CONCRETE Surfaces – Online Manual Version 5

Switch to Fullscreen Mode Exit Fullscreen Mode Nonlinear method of check

Nonlinear method of check

In order to perform a design according to the Nonlinear method, a license of the RF-CONCRETE NL add-on module is required. This method is described in chapter 2.8. The program performs a physical and geometrical nonlinear calculation.

The nonlinear design method acts on the assumption of an interaction between model and loading, requiring a clear distribution of internal forces. Therefore, only load cases and load combinations can be analyzed, but result combinations (RC) cannot. In a result combination, two values are available for each FE node – maximum and minimum.

The internal forces for the nonlinear design are generally determined according to the second-order analysis.

Click the button to open a dialog box for checking and, if necessary, adjusting the design parameters. This dialog box is divided into the Options and Material Properties tabs.

Figure 3.12 Settings for Nonlinear Calculation dialog box, Options tab

This dialog section allows you to control, which serviceability limit state designs you want to carry out: deformation, crack widths, as well as concrete and steel stresses. You must select at least one of the four check boxes.

You can also decide if the influence of creeping and shrinkage should be considered in the nonlinear calculation.

Detailed settings for the individual checks as well as for creep and shrinkage are specified in window 1.3 Surfaces (see chapter 3.3.2).

Export of Nonlinear Stiffness

The Save the nonlinear stiffness check box allows you to control if the nonlinearly determined stiffnesses are also available for a calculation in RFEM.

The stiffnesses can by exported Individually for each designed load case. In the Load Cases and Combinations RFEM dialog box, you can then assign the according stiffness from RF-CONCRETE Surfaces to each of these load cases. RFEM allocates the load cases automatically. If you select Consistent for reference load, specify the governing load case in the drop-down list below. In RFEM, you can then assign the stiffness that result from these loads to all load cases that are defined.

The consideration of nonlinear stiffnesses in RFEM is described in chapter of the RFEM manual.

Settings for Iteration Process

The settings in this dialog section influence the process of the nonlinear design method. You can find more information in chapter

When modifying the precision of iterations, make sure that the Maximum number of iterations is higher than the step in the calculation process from which on the deformation criterion is also taken into account. Click the [Details] button to open the Calculation Parameters dialog box of RFEM. In it, you can adjust the precision of the convergence criteria for the nonlinear calculation.

In the nonlinear calculation, the surface is divided into so-called layers (see chapter The recommended number of layers is 10.

Furthermore, you can influence the convergence behavior with Damping: Damping controls the magnitude of the stiffness change in the subsequent calculation steps. For example, if you specify a damping of 50 %, the change of the stiffness between step 2 and 3 can at most be 50 % of the stiffness change between step 1 and step 2.

Material Properties
Figure 3.13 Settings for Nonlinear Calculation dialog box, Material Properties tab
Material Properties of Reinforcing Steel

The check box allows you control if the calculation in the plastic zone of the reinforcing steel's stress-strain diagram is carried out with a rising or a horizontal graph (see chapter

Material Properties of Concrete

In this dialog section, you can specify the stress-strain relations of the concrete in compression and in tension. A parabolic diagram for compression and tension stiffening for concrete tensile stresses is preset.

For Tension stiffening (consideration of the stiffening effect of concrete in the tension zone), you can specify the parameters used to apply the concrete tensile strength between the cracks in a separate dialog box. To open it, click the [Edit] button.

Figure 3.14 Tension-Stiffening with Concrete Tensile Strength dialog box

Modifications of the parameters are immediately displayed graphically in the diagrams.

The approach of Tension Stiffening is described in chapter

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