RF-/STEEL EC3 Add-on Module for RFEM/RSTAB
Design of Steel Members and Sets of Members According to EC 3
“We decided to work with RFEM by Dlubal Software for the calculation of our three-dimensional steel structures after the analysis of different offers on the market. It is the software which seems to be the most suitable for analyses according to Eurocode standards. With its clear and intuitive interface, the data and the results can be entered visibly and editably in a smooth and efficient way which minimizes the effect of a "black box".
The technical support is remarkably patient, competent and responds quickly which confirmed our decision in favor of RFEM. The tutorials, the blog and the detailed user manuals allow a self-study and a comprehensive initial training and then a continuous learning of new functions. A further positive aspect is the modular structure which makes it possible to enlarge the offer based on the same main program without important learning phase. Even if we decide tomorrow to focus more in timber, aluminum or glass structures, the calculation will not be a blocking element for us.”
RF-/STEEL EC3 performs all characteristic designs of the ultimate limit state as well as stability and deformation analyses for steel members according to:
- EN 1993‑1‑1:2005 + AC:2009,
- EN 1993‑1‑2:2006 + AC:2005 (fire resistance),
- EN 1993‑1‑4:2006 (stainless steel),
- EN 1993‑1‑5:2006.
- Import of materials, cross-sections, and internal forces from RFEM/RSTAB
- Steel design of thin‑walled cross‑sections according to EN 1993‑1‑1:2005 and EN 1993‑1‑5:2006
- Automatic classification of cross-sections according to EN 1993-1-1:2005 + AC:2009, Cl. 5.5.2, and EN 1993-1-5:2006, Cl. 4.4 (cross-section class 4), with optional determination of effective widths according to Annex E for stresses under fy
- Integration of parameters for the following National Annexes:
- DIN EN 1993-1-1/NA: 2015-08 (Germany)
- ÖNORM B 1993-1-1: 2007-02 (Austria)
- NBN EN 1993-1-1/ANB: 2010-12 (Belgium)
- BDS EN 1993-1-1/NA: 2008 (Bulgaria)
- DS/EN 1993-1-1 DK NA: 2015 (Denmark)
- SFS EN 1993-1-1/NA: 2005 (Finland)
- NF EN 1993-1-1/NA: 2007-05 (France)
- ELOT EN 1993-1-1 (Greece)
- UNI EN 1993-1-1/NA: 2008 (Italy)
- LST EN 1993-1-1/NA: 2009-04 (Lithuania)
- LU EN 1993-1-1: 2005/AN-LU: 2011 (Luxembourg)
- MS EN 1993-1-1/NA: 2010 (Malaysia)
- NEN EN 1993-1-1/NA: 2011-12 (Netherlands)
- NS EN 1993-1-1/NA: 2008-02 (Norway)
- PN EN 1993-1-1/NA: 2006-06 (Poland)
- NP EN 1993-1-1/NA: 2010-03 (Portugal)
- SR EN 1993-1-1/NB: 2008-04 (Romania)
- SS EN 1993-1-1/NA: 2011-04 (Sweden)
- SS EN 1993-1-1/NA: 2010 (Singapore)
- STN EN 1993-1-1/NA: 2007-12 (Slovakia)
- SIST EN 1993-1-1/A101: 2006-03 (Slovenia)
- UNE EN 1993-1-1/NA: 2013-02 (Spain)
- CSN EN 1993-1-1/NA: 2007-05 (Czech Republic)
- BS EN 1993-1-1/NA: 2008-12 (United Kingdom)
- CYS EN 1993-1-1/NA: 2009-03 (Cyprus)
- Automatic calculation of all required factors for the design value of flexural buckling resistance N b, Rd
- Automatic determination of the ideal elastic critical moment Mcr for each member or set of members on every x-location according to the Eigenvalue Method or by comparing moment diagrams. You only have to define the lateral intermediate supports.
- Design of tapered members, unsymmetric sections or sets of members according to the General Method as described in EN 1993-1-1, Cl. 6.3.4
- In the case of the General Method according to Cl. 6.3.4, optional application of 'European lateral-torsional buckling curve' according to Naumes, Strohmann, Ungermann, Sedlacek (Stahlbau 77 (2008), p. 748‑761)
- Rotational restraints can be taken into account (trapezoidal sheeting and purlins)
- Optional consideration of shear panels (for example trapezoidal sheeting and bracing)
- Module extension RF-/STEEL Warping Torsion (the licence is required) for stability analysis according to the second‑order theory as stress analysis, including consideration of the 7th degree of freedom (warping)
- Module extension RF-/STEEL Plasticity (the licence is required) for plastic analysis of cross‑sections according to Partial Internal Forces Method (PIFM) and Simplex Method for general cross‑sections (in connection with the RF‑/STEEL Warping Torsion module extension, it is possible to perform the plastic design according to the second‑order analysis)
- Module extension RF-/STEEL Cold-Formed Sections (license required) for ultimate and serviceability limit state designs for cold-formed steel members according to the EN 1993-1-3 and EN 1993-1-5 standards
- ULS design: Selection of fundamental or accidental design situations for each load case, load combination, or result combination
- SLS design: Selection of characteristic, frequent, or quasi-permanent design situations for each load case, load combination, or result combination
- Tension analysis with definable net cross-section areas for member start and end
- Weld designs of welded cross-sections
- Optional calculation of warp spring for nodal support on sets of members
- Graphic of design ratios on cross-section and in RFEM/RSTAB model
- Determination of governing internal forces
- Filter options for graphical results in RFEM/RSTAB
- Representation of design ratios and cross‑section classes in the rendered view
- Color scales in result windows
- Automatic cross-section optimization
- Transfer of optimized cross-sections to RFEM/RSTAB
- Parts lists and quantity surveying
- Direct data export to MS Excel
- Verifiable printout report
- Possibility to include the temperature curve in the report
RF-/STEEL EC3 imports the cross-sections defined in RFEM/RSTAB automatically. It is possible to design all thin-walled cross-sections. The program automatically selects the most efficient method according to standards.
The ultimate limit state design takes into account several loads and you can select the interaction designs available in the standard.
The classification of designed cross-sections into the Classes 1 to 4 is an essential part of the analysis according to Eurocode 3. In this way, you can check the limitation of the design and rotational capacity by means of the local buckling of cross-section parts. RF-/STEEL EC3 determines the c/t-ratios of the cross-section parts subjected to compression stress and performs the classification automatically.
For the stability analysis, you can specify for each member or set of members whether flexural buckling occurs in the y- and/or z-direction. You can also define additional lateral restraints in order to represent the model close to reality. Slenderness ratio and elastic critical load are automatically determined on the basis of the boundary conditions of RF-/STEEL EC3. The elastic critical moment for lateral-torsional buckling required for the lateral-torsional buckling analysis can be determined automatically or specified manually. Also the load application point of transverse loads, affecting the torsional resistance, can be considered by setting of details. In addition, you can take into account rotational restraints (for example trapezoidal sheeting and purlins) and shear panels (for example trapeziodal sheeting and bracing).
In modern construction using more and more slender cross-sections, the serviceability limit state represents an important factor in structural calculations. RF-/STEEL EC3 assigns load cases, load combinations, and result combinations to different design situations. The respective limit deformations are preset in National Annex and can be adjusted, if necessary. In addition, it is possible to define reference lengths and precambers for the design.
When performing design of tension, compression, bending, and shear loading, the module compares design values of the maximum load capacity with the design values of actions.
If the components are subjected to both bending and compression, the program performs an interaction. RF-/STEEL EC3 provides options for determining interaction formulas by factors of the first method (Annex A) or the second method (Annex B).
The flexural buckling design, requires neither the slenderness nor the elastic critical buckling load of the governing buckling case. The module automatically determines all required factors for the design value of the bending load and the ideal elastic critical moment for each member on every x-location of the cross-section. If required, you only need to specify lateral intermediate supports of the individual members/sets of members, definable in one of the input windows.
If members are selected for the fire resistance design in RF-/STEEL EC3, there is another input window available where you can enter additional parameters such as types of coating or covers. Global settings covers required time of fire resistance, temperature curve, and other coefficients. The printout report lists all intermediate results and the final result of the fire resistance design. Furthermore, it is possible to print the temperature curve in the report.
The results sorted by load case, cross-section, member, set of members, or x-location are displayed in clearly arranged result windows. By selecting the corresponding table row, detailed information about the performed design is displayed.
The results include a comprehensible list of all material and cross-section properties, design internal forces, and design factors. Furthermore, it is possible to display distribution of internal forces of each x-location in a separate graphic window.
Parts lists by member/by set of members for the individual cross-section types complete the detailed and structured result presentation. To print the input and result data, you can use the global RFEM/RSTAB printout report.
For further processing of various data, it is possible to export all tables to MS Excel.
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In RF-/STEEL EC3, sets of members are calculated according to the General Method (EN 1993-1-1, Cl. 6.3.4) together with the stability analysis. To do this, it is necessary to determine the correct support conditions for the equivalent structure with four degrees of freedom.
SHAPE-THIN determines the effective cross-sections according to EN 1993-1-3 and EN 1993-1-5 for cold-formed sections. You can optionally check the geometric conditions for the applicability of the standard specified in EN 1993‑1‑3, Section 5.2.
The effects of local plate buckling are considered according to the method of reduced widths and the possible buckling of stiffeners (instability) is considered for stiffened sections according to EN 1993-1-3, Section 5.5.
As an option, you can perform an iterative calculation to optimize the effective cross-section.
You can display the effective cross-sections graphically.
Read more about designing cold-formed sections with SHAPE-THIN and RF-/STEEL Cold-Formed Sections in this technical article: Design of a Thin-Walled, Cold-Formed C-Section According to EN 1993-1-3.
- I design a set of members by using the equivalent member method in RF‑/STEEL EC3, but the calculation fails. The system is unstable, delivering the message "Non-designable - ER055) Zero value of the critical moment on the segment."What could be the reason?
- The design ratio of the cross-section check is different for the RF‑/STEEL and RF‑/STEEL EC3 add-on module. What is the reason?
- What is the meaning of the warning message ER061) Minimum amplifier of design loads <1?
- I would like to define lateral supports along the axis of a structural component that sometimes act on the upper flange, sometimes on the lower flange. However, it is only possible to select one item for each member. How can I create the entry?
- In the RF‑/STEEL EC3 add-on module, I have selected two bracings with the same size as the shear panel type in the "Parameters" window for a beam to be designed. Thus, the beam should be supported laterally in the middle. Why is the eigenvector arbitrary anyhow?
- Why are the equivalent member designs grayed out in the Stability tab when activating the plastic designs by using the partial internal force method (RF‑/STEEL Plasticity)?
- For cross-section design of a flat steel, I obtain abnormally high shear stresses due to the torsion in the STEEL EC3 add-on module, which can be disproved by a simple manual calculation. What is the error?
- When calculating a cable using the STEEL EC3 add‑on module, there is the error message "Incorrect characteristic stresses for material No. 1! Please correct this in Table 1.2."
- Are effective length factors determined automatically from a model in the add-on modules for the aluminum and steel design or do I have to make adjustments?
- I get the message "Existing torsion -> no stability design possible." Why does this appear and what can I do?
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