Eurocodes (EC)



Eurocodes (EC) are a set of harmonized technical rules for the structural design of construction works in the European Union.

Currently, there are 10 Eurocodes (EC 0 to EC 9 in the standards EN 1990 to EN 1999). These are further subdivided. Eurocode consists of a total of 58 standard parts.

In addition, standard committees of all member states create a National Annex (NA) to each Eurocode covering primarily the nationally determined parameters, such as partial safety factors.

Eurocode Parts
  • Eurocode 0: Basis
  • Eurocode 1: Actions
  • Eurocode 2: Concrete Structures
  • Eurocode 3: Steel Structures
  • Eurocode 4: Composite Structures
  • Eurocode 5: Timber Structures
  • Eurocode 6: Masonry Structures
  • Eurocode 7: Geotechnical Design
  • Eurocode 8: Earthquake Resistance
  • Eurocode 9: Aluminium Structures

Most Suitable Software for Structural Analyses According to Eurocodes

“We decided to work with RFEM by Dlubal Software for the calculation of our three-dimensional steel structures after the analysis of different offers on the market. It is the software which seems to be the most suitable for analyses according to Eurocode standards. With its clear and intuitive interface, the data and the results can be entered visibly and editably in a smooth and efficient way which minimizes the effect of a 'black box'.

The technical support is remarkably patient, competent and responds quickly which confirmed our decision in favor of RFEM. The tutorials, the blog and the detailed user manuals allow a self-study and comprehensive initial training and then a continuous learning of new functions. A further positive aspect is the modular structure which makes it possible to enlarge the offer based on the same main program without important learning phase. Even if we decide tomorrow to focus more in timber, aluminum or glass structures, the calculation will not be a blocking element for us.”

Eurocodes in Practice

Splitting Surface

If you want to split a surface limited by four sides into several surfaces, the easiest way to do this is to use the ‘Split Surface’ function. In the depicted dialog box, you can define how often and at which distance the respective surface is to be divided along the boundary lines A and C as well as B and D.

Splitting Surface in RFEM

Structural Design with RFEM and RSTAB According to European Technical Standards (EC)

Implemented Eurocodes

  1. EC 0: Generated Load Combinations in RFEM

    Combinations according to Eurocode 0 (EC 0)

    In both main programs RFEM and RSTAB, load and result combinations are generated according to Eurocode 0 (EN 1990). In addition, it is possible to determine imperfections in compliance with Eurocode. The actions are assigned to the action types described in the standard. According to the selected design situation, RFEM and RSTAB subsequently combine the load cases.

    The following National Annexes are available:
    •  BS EN 1990/NA:2004-12 (United Kingdom)
    •  ÖNORM EN 1990:2007-02 (Austria)
    •  TKP EN 1990/NA:2011 (Belarus)
    •  NBN EN 1990 - ANB:2005 (Belgium)
    • Bulgaria BDS EN 1990:2003/NA:2008 (Bulgaria)
    • Cyprus CYS EN 1990:2002 (Cyprus)
    •  CSN EN 1990/NA:2004-03 (Czech Republic)
    •  DK EN 1990/NA:2007-07 (Denmark)
    •  SFS EN 1990/NA:2005 (Finland)
    •  NF EN 1990/NA:2005/12 (France)
    • Deutschland DIN EN 1990/NA:2009-05 (Germany)
    •  ELOT EN 1990:2009 (Greece)
    •  UNI EN 1990/NA:2007-07 (Italy)
    •  IS EN 1990:2002 + NA:2010 (Ireland)
    • Latvia LVS EN 1990:2003/NA:2010 (Latvia)
    • Lithuania LST EN 1990/NA:2010-11 (Lithuania)
    • Luxembourg LU EN 1990/NA:2011-09 (Luxembourg)
    •  MS EN 1990:2010 (Malaysia)
    •  NEN EN 1990/NA:2006 (Netherlands)
    • Norway NS EN 1990/NA:2008 (Norway)
    •  PN EN 1990/NA:2004 (Poland)
    •  NP EN 1990:2009 (Portugal)
    • Romania SR EN 1990/NA:2006-10 (Romania)
    •  SS EN 1990:2008 (Singapore)
    •  STN EN 1990/NA:2009-08 (Slovakia)
    •  SIST EN 1990:2004/A1:2005 (Slovenia)
    •  UNE EN 1990 2003 (Spain)
    •  SS EN 1990/ BFS 2010:28 (Sweden)
  2. EC 1: Snow load generator in RFEM

    Actions according to Eurocode 1 (EC 1)

    RFEM and RSTAB provide the option to generate wind and snow loads. No additional module is needed for the generation. When the required parameters like wind and snow load zone, terrain category, topography type or roof geometry are entered, the program creates the respective loading automatically.

  3. EC 2: Eurocode settings in EC2 for RFEM/RSTAB

    Reinforced and prestressed concrete structures according to Eurocode 2 (EC 2)

    The extension EC2 for RFEM/RSTAB of the add-on modules RF-/CONCRETE and RF-/CONCRETE Columns as well as RF‑PUNCH Pro allows you to perform the reinforced concrete design of beams, columns, and surfaces according to Eurocode. In addition to the general ultimate and serviceability limit state design, it is possible to perform stability analyses for columns according to EC 2. For columns and members, you can also carry out fire resistance designs according to Eurocode.

    The following National Annexes are available:
    •  NA to BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 (United Kingdom)
    •  ÖNORM B 1992-1-1:2011-12 (Austria)
    • Belarus TKP EN 1992-1-1:2009 (Belarus)
    •  NBN EN 1992-1-1 ANB:2010 for design of concrete structures, EN 1992-1-2 ANB:2010 for fire resistance design (Belgium)
    •  BDS EN 1992-1-1:2005/NA:2011 (Bulgaria)
    •  NA to CYS EN 1992-1-1:2004/NA:2009 (Cyprus)
    •  CSN EN 1992-1-1/NA:2016-05 (Czech Republic)
    •  EN 1992-1-1 DK NA:2013 (Denmark)
    •  SFS EN 1992-1-1/NA:2007-10 (Finland)
    •  NF EN 1992-1-1/NA:2007-03 (France)
    • Deutschland DIN EN 1992-1-1/NA:2013-04 (Germany)
    •  UNI EN 1992-1-1/NA:2007-07 (Italy)
    •  LVS EN 1992-1-1:2005/NA:2014 (Latvia)
    •  LST EN 1992-1-1:2005/NA:2011 (Lithuania)
    •  MS EN 1992-1-1:2010 (Malaysia)
    •  NEN-EN 1992-1-1+C2:2011/NB:2016 (Netherlands)
    •  NS-EN 1992-1 -1_2004-NA_2008 (Norway)
    •  PN EN 1992-1-1/NA:2010 (Poland)
    •  NP EN 1992-1-1/NA:2010-02 (Portugal)
    •  SR EN 1992-1-1:2004/NA:2008 (Romania)
    •  SS EN 1992-1-1/NA:2008-06 (Singapore)
    •  STN EN 1992-1-1/NA:2008-06 (Slovakia)
    •  SIST EN 1992-1-1:2005/A101:2006 (Slovenia)
    •  UNE EN 1992-1-1/NA:2013 (Spain)
    •  SS EN 1992-1-1/NA:2008 (Sweden)
    Prestressed concrete

    RF-TENDON and RF-TENDON Design define tendons and design prestressed concrete members with bonded post‑tensioned concrete according to Eurocode 2 (EN 1992‑1‑1 for concrete structures and EN 1992‑2 for concrete bridges).


    RF-/FOUNDATION Pro designs of single, bucket and block foundations according to EN 1992‑1‑1 and EN 1997‑1.

  4. EC 3: Parameters of National Annex for United Kingdom in RF-/STEEL EC3

    Steel structures according to Eurocode 3 (EC 3)

    RF-/STEEL EC3 performs all typical designs for steel structures according to Eurocode 3, including ultimate limit state, stability, deformation and fire protection. You can take advantage of many useful features such as automatic cross-section classification, cross‑section optimization or the definition of lateral intermediate supports. Moreover, it is possible to enter protective coatings for the fire resistance design.

    The following National Annexes are available:
    •  BS EN 1993-1-1/NA:2008-12 (United Kingdom)
    •  ÖNORM 1993-1-1:2007-02 (Austria)
    •  NBN EN 1993-1-1/ANB:2010-12 (Belgium)
    •  BLG EN 1993-1-1/NA:2008 (Bulgaria)
    •  CYS EN 1993-1-1/NA:2009-03 (Cyprus)
    •  CSN EN 1993-1-1/NA: 2007-05 (Czech Republic)
    •  DK EN 1993-1-1/NA:2007-11 (Denmark)
    •  SFS EN 1993-1-1/NA:2005 (Finland)
    •  NF EN 1993-1-1/NA:2007-05 (France)
    • Deutschland DIN EN 1993-1-1/NA:2010-12 (Germany)
    • Greece ELOT EN 1993-1-1 (Greece)
    •  UNI EN 1993-1-1/NA:2008 (Italy)
    •  LST EN 1993-1-1/NA:2009-04 (Lithuania)
    •  LU EN 1993‑1‑1:2005/AN‑LU:2011 (Luxembourg)
    •  MS EN 1993-1-1/NA:2010 (Malaysia)
    •  NEN EN 1993-1-1/NA:2011-12 (Netherlands)
    •  NS EN 1993-1-1/NA:2008-02 (Norway)
    •  PN EN 1993-1-1/NA:2006-06 (Poland)
    •  NP EN 1993-1-1/NA:2010-03 (Portugal)
    •  SR EN 1993-1-1/NB:2008-04 (Romania)
    •  SS EN 1993-1-1/NA:2010 (Singapore)
    •  STN EN 1993-1-1/NA:2007-12 (Slovakia)
    •  SIST EN 1993-1-1/NA:2006-03 (Slovenia)
    •  UNE EN 1993-1-1/NA:2013-02 (Spain)
    •  SS EN 1993-1-1/NA:2011-04 (Sweden)
    Other add-on modules

    Here you can find more add-on modules for design according to EN 1993 (EC 3):

  5. EC 5: General data entered in RF-TIMBER Pro

    Timber structures according to Eurocode 5 (EC 5)

    RF-/TIMBER Pro

    The RF-/TIMBER Pro add-on module is used to design timber members and sets of members according to Eurocode 5, performing stress and stability analysis as well as serviceability and fire protection design. The stand-alone programs of the RX‑TIMBER family allow for comfortable generation and design of roof trusses made of glued-laminated timber, continuous beams, columns, purlins and frames according to EC 5.

    The following National Annexes are available:

    •  BS EN 1995-1-1/NA:2009-10 (United Kingdom)
    •  ÖNORM B 1995-1-1:2015-06 (Austria)
    •  NBN EN 1995-1-1/ANB:2012-07 (Belgium)
    •  BDS EN 1995-1-1/NA:2012-02 (Bulgaria)
    •  CYS EN 1995-1-1/NA:2011-02 (Cyprus)
    •  CSN EN 1995-1-1/NA:2007-09 (Czech Republic)
    •  DK EN 1995-1-1/NA:2011-12 (Denmark)
    •  SFS EN 1995-1-1/NA:2007-11 (Finland)
    •  NF EN 1995-1-1/NA:2010-05 (France)
    • Deutschland DIN EN 1995-1-1/NA:2013-08 (Germany)
    •  UNI EN 1995-1-1/NA:2010-09 (Italy)
    •  I.S. EN 1995-1-1/NA:2010-03 (Ireland)
    •  LVS EN 1995-1-1/NA:2012-05 (Latvia)
    •  LST EN 1995-1-1/NA:2011-10 (Lithuania)
    • Luxembourg LU EN 1995-1-1/NA:2011-09 (Luxembourg)
    •  NEN EN 1995-1-1/NB:2007-11 (Netherlands)
    •  NS EN 1995-1-1/NA:2010-05 (Norway)
    •  PN EN 1995-1-1/NA:2010-09 (Poland)
    • Portugal NP EN 1995-1-1 (Portugal)
    •  SR EN 1995-1-1/NB:2008-03 (Romania)
    •  STN EN 1995-1-1/NA:2008-12 (Slovakia)
    •  SIST EN 1995-1-1/A101:2006-3 (Slovenia)
    •  UNE EN 1995-1-1 (Spain)
    •  SS EN 1995-1-1 (Sweden)


    Additional module for the design of multi-layer laminate surfaces with stress design and deflection analysis.


    Stand-alone programs for the design of glulam beams, continuous timber beams, columns, purlins, frames, bracing, and roofs according to EN 1995‑1‑1 and DIN 1052:2008‑12.

  6. EC 7: Stresses and settlements in RF-SOILIN

    Geotechnical design according to Eurocode 7 (EC 7)


    Add-on module for the design of single, bucket and block foundations according to EN 1992‑1‑1 and EN 1997‑1.


    RF-SOILIN determines elastic foundations according to EC 7 by means of given soil layers. After entering all soil parameters, the program determines the elastic foundation coefficients and shows you the stress diagrams and settlements.

  7. EC 8: Equivalent loads from mode shape

    Earthquake resistance according to Eurocode 8 (EC 8)

    RF-/DYNAM Pro - Natural Vibrations and RF-/DYNAM Pro - Equivalent Loads

    RF-/DYNAM Pro - Natural Vibrations allows for quick and comfortable analysis of natural frequencies and mode shapes.

    RF-/DYNAM Pro - Equivalent Loads generates equivalent seismic loads according to the multimodal response spectrum analysis in compliance with Eurocode 8. The required spectra can be based on the standards or defined by the user. The module generates the equivalent static loads and RFEM/RSTAB performs the linear static analysis.

  8. EC 9: Definition of nodal support for sets of members in ALUMINIUM

    Aluminium structures according to Eurocode 9 (EC 9)

    RF-/ALUMINUM designs aluminium members and sets of members concerning the ultimate and the serviceability limit state as well as stability analysis.

    The following National Annexes are available:

    • United Kingdom BS EN 1999-1-1/NA:2009 (United Kingdom)
    • Belgium NBN EN 1999-1-1/ANB:2011-03 (Belgium)
    • Cyprus CYS EN 1999-1-1/NA:2009-07 (Cyprus)
    •  CSN EN 1999-1-1/NA:2009-02 (Czech Republic)
    •  DK EN 1999-1-1/NA:2007-11 (Denmark)
    •  DIN EN 1999-1-1/NA:2010-12 (Germany)
    •  UNI EN 1999-1-1/NA:2011-02 (Italy)
    •  IS EN 1999-1-1/NA:2010-03 (Ireland)
    •  LST EN 1999-1-1/NA:2011-09 (Lithuania)
    •  LU EN 1999‑1‑1:2007/AN‑LU:2011 (Luxembourg)
    •  NEN EN 1999-1-1/NB:2011-12 (Netherlands)
    •  STN EN 1999-1-1/NA:2010-01 (Slovakia)
    •  SS EN 1999-1-1/NA:2011-04 (Sweden)

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Knowledge Base | Eurocodes

  1. 1 - Basic Control Perimeter Around Column Considering Two Openings

    Punching Shear Design According to Eurocode 2 in RFEM

    For the structural components consisting of slabs, it is necessary to perform shear design on the locations with concentrated load introduction, applying the punching shear design rules according to Chap. 6.4 of EN 1992-1-1 [1]. The concentrated load introduction is present on the individual locations, for example by columns, concentrated load, or nodal supports. In addition, the end of linear load introduction on slabs is also regarded as the concentrated load introduction. This may include wall ends, wall corners, and ends or corners of line loads and line supports. You can perform the punching shear design for floor slabs or foundations, considering the available existing plate topology about the designed node of punching shear. The punching shear design according to EN 1992-1-1 checks that the acting shear force vEd does not exceed the resistance vRd.

  2. 1 - System and Loading

    Design of Tapered Single-Span Beam According to Eurocode 3

    The following article describes the design of a single‑span beam subjected to bending and compression, which is performed according to EN 1993‑1‑1 in the RF‑/STEEL EC3 add‑on module. Since the beam is modelled with a tapered cross‑section, thus not a uniform structural component, the design must be performed either according to General Method in compliance with Chap. 6.3.4 of EN 1993‑1‑1, or according to the second‑order analysis.

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