How would you best model hold down elements within panels?

Answer

In a short overview, creating hold down elements involves modeling rigid links and adding in nodal supports with non-linearity settings that allows the supports to take only tension forces. A line support is added at the bottom of the wall that only takes compression forces. The individual nodal supports connected with rigid members only take tension forces. 

A more detailed look on how these elements can be model can be seen in the video below. 

Keywords

Timber Hold-down Nonlinearity CLT

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