- More than 45,000 users in 95 countries
- One software package for all application areas
- Free support provided by experienced engineers
- Short learning time and intuitive handling
- Excellent price/performance ratio
- Flexible modular concept, extensible according to your needs
- Scalable license system with single and network licenses
- Proven software used in many well-known projects
Why Dlubal Software?
Wind Simulation & Wind Load Generation
With the stand-alone program RWIND Simulation, wind flows around simple or complex structures can be simulated by means of a digital wind tunnel.
The generated wind loads acting on these objects can be imported to RFEM or RSTAB.
Assumptions for the effective tensile strength in connection with the determination of the minimum reinforcement according to DIN EN 1992-1-1 7.3.2
When determining the minimum reinforcement for the serviceability limit state according to 7.3.2, the applied effective tensile strength fct, eff has a significant influence on the determined amount of reinforcement. The following section provides an overview for determining the effective tensile strength fct, eff and the input options in RF-CONCRETE.
When modeling a reinforced concrete rib with a masonry wall above, there is the risk that the rib is underdesigned if the structural behavior of the masonry is not correctly considered and the connection between masonry wall and downstand beam is not modeled sufficiently accurate. This article deals with this issue and shows possible modeling options of such a structure. In this example, the reinforcement is determined only from the internal forces and without any secondary minimum reinforcement.
Different methods are available for calculating the deformation in the cracked state. RFEM provides an analytical method according to DIN EN 1992-1-1 7.4.3 and a physical-nonlinear analysis. Both methods have different features and can be more or less suitable depending on the circumstances. This article will give an overview of the two calculation methods.
RFEM offers different options to display results graphically which have been determined in RF-CONCRETE Surfaces. This article gives an overview of these options.
Secondary Reinforcement According to DIN EN 1992-1-1 9.2.1 to Ensure Ductile Structural Component BehaviorThe secondary reinforcement according to DIN EN 1992-1-1 9.2.1 is used to ensure the desired structural behavior. It should avoid failure without prior notification. The minimum reinforcement has to be arranged independently of the size of the actual loading.
Singularities occur in a limited area due to the concentration of the stress-dependent result values. They are conditioned by the FEA methodology. In theory, the stiffness and/or the stress in an infinite size concentrate on an infinitesimal small area.
RFEM and the RF-CONCRETE add-on modules provide various options for the deformation analysis of a T-beam in cracked state (state II). This technical article describes the calculation methods (C) and modelling options (M). Both the calculation methods and the modelling options are not limited to T-beams, but will only be explained using an example of this system.
According to Section 7.3.2 (2), the standard EN 1992‑1‑1  states: 'In profiled cross‑sections like T‑beams and box girders, minimum reinforcement should be determined for the individual parts of the section (webs, flanges).'
In the case of a T‑beam with a T‑section, the minimum reinforcement should be determined for both the chord and the web if the corresponding partial cross‑sections are in the tension area. Figure 01 shows the cross‑section classification.
In the case of combined FEM structures (surface and member elements) as well as folded plate structures, it is possible to attribute a beam structure for the design on a member to a fictitious T-beam cross-section, whose geometry depends on the effective width. When using the 'Rib' member type in RFEM, the stiffness is represented by a slab component (surface element) and a web component (member element). This approach has some design specifics, which are explained in this article.
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