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SHAPE-MASSIVE - Thick-Walled Cross-Sections
Section Properties, Stress Analysis, and Reinforced Concrete Design of Thick-Walled Cross-Sections
The stand‑alone program SHAPE‑MASSIVE determines section properties of any thick-walled cross‑section and calculates the stresses. In addition, you can perform reinforced concrete design according to Eurocode 2 and other standards.
SHAPE-MASSIVE provides the option of interface with RFEM and RSTAB: SHAPE‑MASSIVE cross‑sections are available in the library of the FEA or frame analysis software, and vice versa, it is possible to import and design the internal forces from RFEM and RSTAB in SHAPE‑MASSIVE.
The structural data can be entered graphically, in tables, or by means of a DXF file.
- Cross-section modeling using surfaces, openings, and point areas (reinforcements) limited by polygons
- Automatic or individual arrangement of stress points
- Extendable library of concrete, steel and reinforcing steel materials
- Cross-section properties of reinforced concrete and composite cross-sections
- Stress analysis with yield hypothesis according to von Mises and Tresca
- Reinforced concrete design according to:
- DIN 1045-1:2008-08
- DIN 1045:1988-07
- ÖNORM B 4700: 2001-06-01
- EN 1992-1-1:2004
- For the design according to EN 1992-1-1:2004, the following National Annexes are available:
- DIN EN 1992-1-1/NA:2013-04 (Germany)
- NEN-EN 1992-1-1/NA:2011-11 (Netherlands)
- CSN EN 1992-1-1/NA:2006-11 (Czech Republic)
- ÖNORM B 1992-1-1:2011-12 (Austria)
- UNE EN 1992-1-1/NA:2010-11 (Spain)
- EN 1992-1-1 DK NA:2007-11 (Denmark)
- SIST EN 1992-1-1:2005/A101:2006 (Slovenia)
- NF EN 1992-1-1/NA:2007-03 (France)
- STN EN 1992-1-1/NA:2008-06 (Slovakia)
- SFS EN 1992-1-1/NA:2007-10 (Finland)
- NA to BS EN 1992-1-1:2004 (United Kingdom)
- SS EN 1992-1-1/NA:2008-06 (Singapore)
- NP EN 1992-1-1/NA:2010-02 (Portugal)
- UNI EN 1992-1-1/NA:2007-07 (Italy)
- SS EN 1992-1-1/NA:2008 (Sweden)
- PN EN 1992-1-1/NA:2008-04 (Poland)
- NBN EN 1992-1-1 ANB:2010 (Belgium)
- NA to CYS EN 1992-1-1:2004/NA: 2009 (Cyprus)
- BDS EN 1992-1-1:2005/NA: 2011 (Bulgaria)
- LST EN 1992-1-1:2005/NA:2011 (Lithuania)
- SR EN 1992-1-1:2004/NA:2008 (Romania)
In addition to the National Annexes (NA) listed above, you can also define a specific NA, applying user-defined limit values and parameters.
- Reinforced concrete design for stress-strain distribution, available safety or direct design
- Results of reinforcement list and total reinforcement area
- Printout report with option to print a short form
It is possible to freely model a cross-section using surfaces limited by polygonal lines, including openings and point areas (reinforcements). Alternatively, you can use the DXF interface to import the geometry. An extensive material library facilitates modeling of composite cross-sections.
Definition of limit diameters and priorities allows for a curtailment of reinforcements. In addition, you can consider the respective concrete covers and prestresses.
- Cross-sectional area A
- Shear areas Ay und Az with or without transversal shear
- Centroid position yS, zS
- Moments of inertia Iy, Iz, Iyz, Iu, Iv, Ip
- Inclination of principal axes α
- Radii of gyration iy, iz, iyz, iu, iv, ip
- Torsional constant J
- Cross-section weight G and cross-section perimeter U
- Location of shear center yM, zM
- Warping constants Iω,S, Iω,M
- Max/min cross-section moduli Sy, Sz, Su, Sv und St
- Plastic cross-section moduli Zy,pl, Zz,pl, Zu,pl, Zv,pl
- Stress function according to Prandtl φ
- Derivation of φ with respect to y and z
- Warping ω
- Normal stresses σx due to axial force and bending
- Shear stresses τ due to shear force and torsion
- Equivalent stresses σeqv compared with limit stress
- Stress ratios related to equivalent stresses
- Normal stress σx due to unit axial force N
- Shear stress τ due to unit shear forces Vy, Vz, Vu, Vv
- Normal stresses σx adue to unit moments My, Mz Mu, Mv
- Stresses σ and strains ε of concrete and reinforcement without considering concrete tensile strength (cracked state)
- Ultimate limit state design (existing safety) or design of defined internal forces
- Location of the neutral axis α0, y0,N, z0,N
- Curvatures ky, kz
- Strain in neutral center ε0 and governing strains at compressive edge ε1 and at tensile edge ε2
- Governing steel stress ε2s
All results can be evaluated numerically and graphically and displayed in a visualization. Selection functions facilitate the targeted evaluation.
The printout report corresponds to the high standards of the FEA program RFEM and the beam analysis program RSTAB. Modifications are automatically updated. Furthermore, you can print the reduced report in a short form including all relevant data and a user-defined cross-section graphic.
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Cross-Section and Material Libraries Including Favorites
Extensive cross‑section and material libraries facilitate modeling of plate and beam structures. These libraries can be filtered and extended by user‑defined entries. It is possible to import and analyze special cross‑sections from SHAPE‑THIN and SHAPE‑MASSIVE.