Bus Station Roof Structure in Halle (Saale), Germany
The architectural highlight of the Halle (Saale) bus station include the stylish canopies over the bus platforms. The continuous lights integrated at the roof edges are the real eye-catcher especially at night.
City of Halle (Saale), Germany
zapf & co. – structural engineering GmbH, Strausberg, Germany
Temme // Obermeier GmbH
Model Data of Top Layer
The canopies consist of steel structures with arched roofs. PVC-PES membranes and mesh fabric provide protection against the elements such as rain and snow.
The 4 million euro bus station renovation included important attention to accessibility.
The Dlubal customer zapf & co. performed the structural analysis, detailed design, and membrane work planning. RSTAB was used for the membranes calculation.
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SHAPE-THIN determines the effective cross-sections according to EN 1993-1-3 and EN 1993-1-5 for cold-formed sections. You can optionally check the geometric conditions for the applicability of the standard specified in EN 1993‑1‑3, Section 5.2.
The effects of local plate buckling are considered according to the method of reduced widths and the possible buckling of stiffeners (instability) is considered for stiffened sections according to EN 1993-1-3, Section 5.5.
As an option, you can perform an iterative calculation to optimize the effective cross-section.
You can display the effective cross-sections graphically.
Read more about designing cold-formed sections with SHAPE-THIN and RF-/STEEL Cold-Formed Sections in this technical article: Design of a Thin-Walled, Cold-Formed C-Section According to EN 1993-1-3.
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Programs Used for Structural Analysis
The structural engineering software for design of frame, beam and truss structures, performing linear and nonlinear calculations of internal forces, deformations, and support reactions
Stress analysis of steel members