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- One software package for all application areas
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- Proven software used in many well-known projects
Why Dlubal Software?
Wind Simulation & Wind Load Generation
With the stand-alone program RWIND Simulation, wind flows around simple or complex structures can be simulated by means of a digital wind tunnel.
The generated wind loads acting on these objects can be imported to RFEM or RSTAB.
For member loads of the load type "Force", you can define eccentricities. You can apply the load eccentricities by means of an absolute or relative offset.
It is recommended to use the large deformation analysis to consider all effects of eccentric loads.
The stiffness of gas given by the ideal gas law pV = nRT can be considered in the nonlinear dynamic analysis.
The calculation of gas is available for accelerograms and time diagrams for both the explicit analysis and the nonlinear implicit Newmark analysis. To determine the gas behaviour correctly, at least two FE layers for gas solids should be defined.
In SHAPE-THIN 8, the effective cross-section of stiffened buckling panels can be calculated according to EN 1993-1-5, Cl. 4.5.
The critical buckling stress is calculated according to EN 1993-1-5, Annex A.1 for buckling panels with at least 3 longitudinal stiffeners or according to EN 1993-1-5, Annex A.2 for buckling panels with one or two stiffeners in the compression zone. The design for torsional buckling safety is also performed.
Calculation with consideration of a damping ratio (or Lehr's damping) is not possible in the direct time step integrations. Instead, the Rayleigh damping coefficients must be specified by the user.
In technical literature, the given damping ratio for specific construction forms is in many cases only a rough approximation of the real damping ratios. In RF-/DYNAM Pro - Forced Vibrations, it is possible to use the value of damping ratio to determine the Rayleigh damping. This may occur at one or two natural angular frequencies defined by the user.
If the check box "Number of load increments" is deactivated, the number of load increments will be determined automatically in RFEM to solve nonlinear tasks efficiently.
The used method is based on a heuristic algorithm.
With this function, it is possible to refine the FE mesh on surfaces automatically. The mesh refinement is gradual. In each step, the FE mesh is recreated based on an error comparison of the results in the previous calculation step. The numerical error is evaluated from the results of surface elements and is based on the energy formulation of Zienkiewicz-Zhu.
The error evaluation is carried out for a linear structural analysis. A load case (or load combination) is selected and the FE mesh is created for it. This FE mesh is then used for all calculations.
In RFEM, it is possible to determine pushover curves (also called capacity curves) and export them to Excel.
With the RF-DYNAM Pro - Equivalent Loads add-on module, it is possible to generate automatically load distribution in accordance with a mode shape and export it as load case to RFEM.
The following design results are displayed:
- Check of the minimum spacing between screws
- Load carrying capacity of each screw
Calculation in RFEM
The nonlinear time history analysis is performed with the implicit Newmark analysis or the explicit analysis. Both are the direct time integration methods. The implicit analysis requires small time steps to provide precise results. The explicit analysis determines the required time step automatically to provide the stability to the solution. The explicit analysis is suitable for the analysis of short excitations, such as impulse excitation, or an explosion.
Calculation in RSTAB
The nonlinear time history analysis is performed with the explicit analysis. This is a direct time integration method and determines the required time step automatically in order to provide the solution stability.
Due to the integration of RF‑/DYNAM Pro in RFEM or RSTAB, you can incorporate numeric and graphic results from RF‑/DYNAM Pro - Nonlinear Time History to the global printout report. Also, all RFEM and RSTAB options are available for a graphical visualization. The results of the time history analysis are displayed in a time history diagram.
Results are displayed as a function of time and the numerical values can be exported to MS Excel. Result combinations can be exported, either as a result of a single time step or the most unfavorable results of all time steps are filtered out.
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