Industrial Filter Device, Germany
The project for designing a filter/dryer device including agitator required a complete stress and deformation analysis in RFEM. A special design challenge represented the complex modeling of the structue having 1,424 surfaces, 158 solids and 425 members.
Peter & Partner
Ingenieur- und Sachverständigengesellschaft für Strukturmechanik, Much, Germany
The filter was modeled with linear elastic shell and solid elements. It consists of the following main structural components:
- Floor slab
- Filter bottom
- Container wall with torispherical head and ring flange applied at bottom
- Brackets on container wall
- Support plate for agitator
- Pipe connection and lifting eyes on torispherical head
- Circulating serpentine pipes
The connection of container and floor slab has been especially interesting for the modeling process. The ring flange was applied in the form of a solid element to the bottom of the tank plate. It was fixed to the floor slab with 53 clamping bolts M 27.
They were uniformly distributed around the circumference to ensure a constant prestressing force. In order to anchor the ring flange against the floor slab with defined prestress forces, a circulating counter element was modeled as solid element on the tank wall. Thus, it was possible to clamp the container flange against the conical floor slab.
To reproduce this conical fastening in RFEM, it was necessary to define the contact property between these structural components in the analysis model. Contact solid elements defining an elastic spring were distributed uniformly around the circumference.
The following loads were applied to the structure:
- Design pressure for container -1/6 bar, heating for flat bottom -1/10 bar, heating coil -1/10 bar
- Vertical loads due to self-weight and equipment
- Design temperature -20/200 °C
- Internal positive and negative pressure with design of pressure fluctuations from 0.0 to 3.0 bar for 28,000 cycles of load according to AD‑S1 and S2
- Agitator loads for 2 millions stress cycles
Calculation in RFEM
Five load groups were created from the single load cases and the FE‑mesh was generated. Then the internal forces, stresses and deformations were determined in RFEM.
In addition to the general stress analysis, fatigue designs due to pressure fluctuations and agitator loading were performed.
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SHAPE-THIN determines the effective cross-sections according to EN 1993-1-3 and EN 1993-1-5 for cold-formed sections. You can optionally check the geometric conditions for the applicability of the standard specified in EN 1993‑1‑3, Section 5.2.
The effects of local plate buckling are considered according to the method of reduced widths and the possible buckling of stiffeners (instability) is considered for stiffened sections according to EN 1993-1-3, Section 5.5.
As an option, you can perform an iterative calculation to optimize the effective cross-section.
You can display the effective cross-sections graphically.
Read more about designing cold-formed sections with SHAPE-THIN and RF-/STEEL Cold-Formed Sections in this technical article: Design of a Thin-Walled, Cold-Formed C-Section According to EN 1993-1-3.
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Programs Used for Structural Analysis
Structural engineering software for finite element analysis (FEA) of planar and spatial structural systems consisting of plates, walls, shells, members (beams), solids and contact elements