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1. Comparing Critical Load Factors for Lateral-Torsional Buckling According to Different Methods and Modules

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The branch value for lateral-torsional buckling or the critical buckling moment of a single-span beam will be compared according to different stability analysis methods.

2. Horizontal Craneway Loads from Skewing of Bridge Cranes

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For crane runways with large spans, the horizontal load from skewing is often relevant for the design. This article describes the origin of these forces and the correct input in CRANEWAY. The practical implementation and the theoretical background are discussed.

3. Entering Lateral Supports and Their Effects in RF-/STEEL EC3

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When designing steel columns or steel beams, it is usually necessary to carry out cross-section and stability analyses. In most cases, cross-section design can be carried out without giving further details; the stability design, however, needs additional user-defined specifications. To a certain extent, the member is cut out from the structure and therefore, the support conditions have to be specified. This is particularly important to determine the ideal critical moment for lateral torsional buckling Mcr. In addition, the correct effective lengths Lcr have to be defined. They are necessary for the internal calculation of the slenderness ratios.

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5. Cross-Section Design of Two-Span Beam

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The cross-section class of a two-span beam will be designed in the following. In addition, the necessary cross-section designs will be performed. The global stability failure will be excluded due to sufficient stabilizing measures.
6. Modeling Joints as Surface Model

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With RF-/FRAME-JOINT Pro, it is possible to design frame joints according to DIN 18800 or Eurocode 3. When considering non-standardized joints or taking a closer look at the joint and its behavior, it is recommended to use a modeling as surface model. The following article will show how such a model is created in principle.
7. Stiffened Buckling Panels According to EN 1993-1-5, Section 4.5

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In SHAPE-THIN, it is possible to perform the calculation of stiffened buckling panels according to Section 4.5 of EN 1993-1-5. For stiffened buckling panels, the effective surfaces due to local buckling of the single panels in the plate and in the stiffeners as well as the effective surfaces from the entire panel buckling of the stiffened entire panel have to be considered.
8. Influence of Slip of Standardized Joints in Steel Structures

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This article deals with the stiffness of standardized joints according to the DSTV (German Steel Construction Association)/DASt (German Committee for Structural Steelwork) standards, often used in steel construction, and its effects on structural analysis and design results according to DIN EN 1993-1-1.
9. Fin Plate Connections: Theory and Application

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Fin plate connections are a popular form of pinned steel connections and are commonly used for secondary beams in steel structures. They can be easily used in beam structures arranged on the top edge, e.g. working platforms. Manufacturing expenditures in the workshop as well as the assembly costs on-site are normally manageable. The design seems to be completed easily and quickly, but has to be put into perspective to a certain extent in the following. Moreover, this connection type is basically possible as pinned beam to beam or pinned beam to column connection, whereas the first case is the more common one in design practice.
10. Consideration of Holes in Tension Design

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For the tension design according to Clause 6.2.3 EN 1993-1-1, the following formulas are given to determine the tension resistance.

$\begin{array}{l}\mathrm{Equation}\;6.6:\;{\mathrm N}_{\mathrm{pl},\mathrm{Rd}}\;=\;\frac{\mathrm A\;\cdot\;{\mathrm f}_\mathrm y}{{\mathrm\gamma}_{\mathrm M0}}\\\mathrm{Equation}\;6.7:\;{\mathrm N}_{\mathrm u,\mathrm{Rd}}\;=\;\frac{0.9\;\cdot\;{\mathrm A}_\mathrm{net}\;\cdot\;{\mathrm f}_\mathrm u}{{\mathrm\gamma}_{\mathrm M2}}\end{array}$

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