Markas Headquarters in Bolzano, Italy
ATP architekten ingenieure, in collaboration with Kauer Ingenieure, have designed a spectacular building with an external supporting structure utilizing BIM.
Markas S.r.l., Bolzano, Italy
|Architecture, Structural Design, Technical Building Equipment Planning||
ATP architekten ingenieure, Innsbruck, Austria
KTB, Bolzano, Italy
Unionbau, Sand in Taufers, Italy
The structure, which is over 131 ft high, serves as the new headquarters for the service company Markas located in Bolzano. Markas initiated the design project bid in 2016 and was awarded to ATP. It was the first building in Italy to receive the prestigious WELL Gold certification.
In addition to the architectural and structural design, ATP was also responsible for the building’s technical equipment planning. ATP’s engineers utilized the finite element program RFEM to perform the structural analysis.
The V-shaped, truss facade forms the main supporting structure in combination with the central access towers. The truss facade dominates the exterior view and allows for a column-free design and an open-floor layout.
The hybrid of reinforced concrete and steel members support the entire building at the connection points. The external structure is exposed to extreme temperature differences, especially during the winter months. Therefore, the hybrid construction proved to be the optimal solution for the structural and fire protection requirements. The composite window facade with glass railings forms the building envelope and includes an offset distance of 7.87 in. to the outer truss.
The structural design provides unobstructed office layouts and offers employees a panoramic view over adjacent buildings to the picturesque Bolzano scenery.
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The material model Orthotropic Masonry 2D is an elastoplastic model that additionally allows softening of the material, which can be different in the local x- and y-direction of a surface. The material model is suitable for (unreinforced) masonry walls with in-plane loads.
- How are the signs for the release results of a line release and line hinges interpreted?
- How can I create a curved or arched section?
- Is it possible to manually specify a longitudinal reinforcement for design in RF‑PUNCH Pro?
- Can I simulate the cracked state of a concrete cross -section for a bending beam with the "Isotropic Nonlinear Elastic 1D" material model?
- Why is the deflection of the reinforced concrete floor sometimes greater when selecting a larger basic reinforcement?
- I have a question about message no.47 in the RFEM program. What is the exact meaning of the word integrate? What is the resulting effect?
If I do not specify any basic reinforcement in RF-CONCRETE Surfaces, I get the value X as additionally required reinforcement. If I enter this value X as the existing basic reinforcement, I correctly do not get any additional required reinforcement.
However, if I enter a lower value than the determined required total reinforcement as the basic reinforcement, the additionally required reinforcement is increased in such a way that the originally required reinforcement content is exceeded. Why?
- Why does the RF-CONCRETE Surfaces add-on module not increase the amount of reinforcement until the SLS designs have a design ratio of 1.0?
- How can I get the member end forces to design the connections?
- How can I perform the design of the tension resistance of a smooth column in a smooth bucket column base, that is, the design against pulling out the column?
Programs Used for Structural Analysis
Structural engineering software for finite element analysis (FEA) of planar and spatial structural systems consisting of plates, walls, shells, members (beams), solids and contact elements
Design of reinforced concrete members and surfaces (plates, walls, planar structures, shells)
Physical and geometrical nonlinear calculation of beam and plate structures consisting of reinforced concrete
Stress analysis of steel surfaces and members