- More than 45,000 users in 95 countries
- One software package for all application areas
- Free support provided by experienced engineers
- Short learning time and intuitive handling
- Excellent price/performance ratio
- Flexible modular concept, extensible according to your needs
- Scalable license system with single and network licenses
- Proven software used in many well-known projects
Why Dlubal Software?
Wind Simulation & Wind Load Generation
With the stand-alone program RWIND Simulation, wind flows around simple or complex structures can be simulated by means of a digital wind tunnel.
The generated wind loads acting on these objects can be imported to RFEM or RSTAB.
The design of cold-rolled steel products is governed by EN 1993-1-3. Typical shapes of cold-formed cross-sections are U, C, Z, Hut, or Sigma sections. They are produced from thin-walled sheet metal by roll-forming or edging methods. When designing the ultimate limit states, it is also necessary to ensure that local load application does not lead to compression, crippling of the web or local buckling in the web of the cross-sections. These effects can be caused by local load application through the flange into the web as well as by support forces at the supported points. Section 6.1.7 of EN 1993-1-3 specifies in detail how to determine the resistance of the web Rw, Rd under local load application.
Utilize the RF-/STEEL Cold-Formed Sections module extension to perform ultimate limit state designs of cold-formed sections according to EN 1993-1-3 and EN 1993-1-5. In addition to the cold-formed cross-sections from the cross-section database, you can also design general cross-sections from SHAPE-THIN.
In the following, a pendulum column with a centrally acting axial force and a line load acting on the strong axis will be determined by means of the RF-/STEEL EC3 add-on module according to EN 1993-1-1.
With RF-/STEEL EC3, you can utilize nominal temperature-time curves in RFEM and RSTAB. The standard time-temperature curve (ETK), the external fire curve and the hydrocarbon fire curve are implemented. Moreover, the program provides the option to directly specify the final temperature of steel.
In this technical article, a hinged column with a centrally acting axial force and a linear load that acts on the major axis is designed according to EN 1993-1-1 with the aid of the RF-/STEEL EC3 add-on module. Column head and column base are assumed as a lateral and torsional restraint. The column is not held against rotation between the supports. The cross-section of the column is an HEB 360 from S235.
A welded connection of a HEA cross-section under biaxial bending with axial force will be designed. The design of welds for the given internal forces according to the simplified method (DIN EN 1993-1-8, clause 22.214.171.124) by means of SHAPE-THIN will be performed.
When modeling with finite elements, you sooner or later come up with the question of how two surfaces (2D elements) lying on top of each other can be modeled. Hence, both surfaces are quite often modeled in the same plane. The possible consequences of this approach and whether there are better solutions are described below.
With RF-/STEEL EC3, you can apply nominal temperature-time curves in RFEM or RSTAB. The standard time-temperature curve (ETK), the external fire curve and the hydrocarbon fire curve are implemented. Moreover, the program provides the option to directly specify the final temperature of steel. This steel temperature can be calculated using the parametric temperature-time curve, as described in the Annex to EN 1992‑1‑2. The different fire exposures are explained in this article.
Comparing the Stability Analysis of a Column Containing Internal Forces from Load Combinations with an Enveloping Result Combination
This example will show what you should consider when you perform column design for bending and compression with regard to the internal forces from load combinations and result combinations.
The fire resistance design can be performed according to EN 1993-1-2 in RF-/STEEL EC3. The design is carried out according to the simplified calculation method for the ultimate limit state. Claddings with different physical properties can be selected as fire protection measures. You can select the standard temperature-time curve, the external fire curve, and the hydrocarbon curve to determine the gas temperature.
Do you have questions or need advice?
Contact our free e-mail, chat, or forum support or find various suggested solutions and useful tips on our FAQ page.
Customer Support 24/7