Five-Story Timber Passive House in Friedrichshafen, Germany
Structural Analysis, Thermal Insulation, Energy Balancing, Architectural Acoustics
Pirmin Jung Deutschland GmbH
Developer, General Contractor, Planning, Production, Assembly
Müllerblaustein Holzbau GmbH
More and more cities and towns, especially in southern Germany, are open for multi‑story timber buildings. The wood construction company Müllerblaustein Holzbau GmbH has convinced the German city of Friedrichshafen on Lake Constance of this apartment building concept.
The multigenerational house with a lakeside view was built as an environmentally friendly wooden structure and designed as a passive house. The engineering office Pirmin Jung Deutschland GmbH, a German customer of Dlubal Software, was responsible for structural analysis, among other things.
Structure and Design
With a length of 147.6 ft and a width of about 75.5 ft, the five‑story timber structure provides a total space of about 23,681 ft² for 19 apartments. The glazed entrance area in the central part connects two asymmetrical residential parts of the building.
The foundation consists of a reinforced concrete floor slab with a thickness of 9 27/32 in. The basement is also made of reinforced concrete and includes storage rooms, building equipment rooms, and underground parking lots. Above the concrete structure is the 52 ft high timber structure.
The building casing consists of wooden panels. The inner walls are made partly of five‑ply 3 15/16 in thick laminated timber and partly of wooden panels. The floor slabs are composed of a timber-concrete composite system. On the 4 23/32 in thick cross‑laminated timber panels, a fast‑setting concrete layer with a thickness of 5 33/64 in was poured on site. The building reinforcement comprises exclusively the timber structure, that is, partition walls between the apartments and the timber-concrete composite slabs.
Since the Lake Constance region is located in earthquake zone 2, the engineering office Pirmin Jung also had to analyze the earthquake load case on the 3D model in RFEM. For this, the response spectrum method in RF‑DYNAM was used. “Since the joint forces could be calculated exactly, it contributed to a more cost‑effective solution compared to the commonly used lateral force method,” the engineers of Pirmin Jung reported.
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Programs Used for Structural Analysis
Structural engineering software for finite element analysis (FEA) of planar and spatial structural systems consisting of plates, walls, shells, members (beams), solids and contact elements
Dynamic analysis of natural frequencies and mode shapes of member, surface, and solid models
Dynamic and seismic analysis including time history analysis and multi-modal response spectrum analysis
Seismic and static load analysis using the multi-modal response spectrum analysis