Oberholz Alpine Hut, Italy
At a height of around 6,889 ft you can enjoy a breathtaking view of the dolomites with a delicious meal. Since 2016 these amenities have been available at the top station of the Obereggen skiing area, South Tyrol. The Oberholz alpine hut restaurant, with its exceptional architecture, fits perfectly into the surrounding landscape.
Peter Pichler Architecture
Planning and Design of Timber Structure
Bauingenieure Hartmann & Gamper
Dr. Ing. Andreas Erlacher
Engineers Daniel Hartmann and Andreas Erlacher performed the structural analysis on a 3D model in RFEM. The company LignoAlp from Brixen was in charge of the design and execution of the whole timber structure.
The structure lies partially below ground level and, protruding from the earth, looks like a tree trunk from above. The ends of the three subtly designed ridge lines are oriented towards individual mountain chains. At these ends, there are large pentagonal panoramic windows that offer a perfect view from the restaurant.
The structure consists of wooden portals, visible from inside and making up the spatial curved structure. The intermediate area which is variable in size and distance has been coated with wooden panels. Each portal consists of three chambers and has a width of 2.50 m in total.
The whole exterior façade including the roof has been coated with larch wood slats, the supporting structure and the interior paneling with spruce wood.
With the Oberholz alpine hut, the planners and executors have succeeded in accomplishing architectural peak performance. Furthermore, the alpine hut has an excellent ecological balance by its use of timber.
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The material model Orthotropic Masonry 2D is an elastoplastic model that additionally allows softening of the material, which can be different in the local x- and y-direction of a surface. The material model is suitable for (unreinforced) masonry walls with in-plane loads.
- How are the signs for the release results of a line release and line hinges interpreted?
- How can I create a curved or arched section?
- Is it possible to manually specify a longitudinal reinforcement for the design in RF-PUNCH Pro?
- After the design with RF-/TIMBER Pro, I had a cross-section optimized. Why is the utilization of the optimized cross -section now exceeded?
- Is it possible to design the support pressure or the sleeper pressure in RX-TIMBER?
- Can I simulate the cracked state of a concrete cross -section for a bending beam with the "Isotropic Nonlinear Elastic 1D" material model?
- Why are the stresses of the 90 ° orientation not displayed in RF-LAMINATE for a layer with the orthotropic direction 90 ° for σb, 90?
- Why is the deflection of the reinforced concrete floor sometimes greater when selecting a larger basic reinforcement?
- I have a question about message no.47 in the RFEM program. What is the exact meaning of the word integrate? What is the resulting effect?
If I do not specify any basic reinforcement in RF-CONCRETE Surfaces, I get the value X as additionally required reinforcement. If I enter this value X as the existing basic reinforcement, I correctly do not get any additional required reinforcement.
However, if I enter a lower value than the determined required total reinforcement as the basic reinforcement, the additionally required reinforcement is increased in such a way that the originally required reinforcement content is exceeded. Why?
Programs Used for Structural Analysis
Structural engineering software for finite element analysis (FEA) of planar and spatial structural systems consisting of plates, walls, shells, members (beams), solids and contact elements
Timber design according to Eurocode 5, SIA 265 and/or DIN 1052
Design of steel members according to Eurocode 3
Design of reinforced concrete members and surfaces (plates, walls, planar structures, shells)