Notes on Considering Flush Beam Strips or Intermittent Ceiling Supports in Reinforced Concrete Structures
According to Book 631 of the DAfStb (German Committee for Structural Concrete), Chapter 2.4, the structural behavior of ceilings changes if their continuous support by walls is interrupted in areas of openings. Depending on the length of the opening area and the plate thickness, measures are necessary regarding the analysis of the ceiling in the area of the opening.
ln / h < 7: Additional structural reinforcement layout without additional design is sufficient. In this case, the support can be assumed to be constant.
7 < ln / h < 15: The opening must be considered in the design. A simplified design according to Book 631 2.4.3. can be carried out when creating a reinforced supporting strip (flush beam strip). Together with the computer-aided slab design (RFEM and RF-CONCRETE), this is not necessary considering the existing geometry.
ln / h > 15: A simplified view as a reinforced supporting strip (flush beam strip) is not allowed. You have to consider it by using a computer-aided slab design (RFEM and RF-CONCRETE).
In the following, we show two options to consider a reinforced supporting strip (flush beam strip) in RFEM.
Analysis on Equivalent Structure of the Reinforced Supporting Strip (Flush Beam Strip)
Taking into account a load application area and an effective width, you can perform the calculation on an equivalent system.
The load application results in the maximum as a half span (l/2), but generally over a load distribution angle of 60°.
If no slab design is available and the condition 7 < ln / h < 15 is fulfilled, you can perform the design on the equivalent system. However, if you perform the calculation in RFEM, you do not have to consider this approach. If you want to perform a design on the beam, you can use the result beam. You can assign an integration width to the result beam corresponding to the load application (simplified as a constant distribution with a maximum integration width in the mid-span).
Plate Design Based on Existing Geometry
As described in Book 631 2.4.3 b), a plate design can be performed for all areas with ln / h. If you compare the results for the required reinforcement for the slab design in the area of the load application with the reinforcement determined on the equivalent system (result beam), the result is practically the same.
In connection with the reinforcement design, the question arises regarding the stiffness distribution. If the reinforcement is concentrated along a line, that is, like a beam reinforcement, it can be assumed that the stiffness increases in this area. However, it is questionable whether this has to be considered in the design. If you increase the stiffness of the slab along a strip as an example, the following behavior appears.
The required reinforcement is concentrated in the area of the plate strip whose bending stiffness has been increased by 50%, for example. However, the sum of the entire reinforcement distribution remains approximately the same. The load does not increase, but only distributes itself differently and is concentrated on the stiffer element.
Is it necessary to design a flush beam strip with a member?
To determine the required longitudinal reinforcement, it is not necessary to perform a design on the beam. A design of the surface results in approximately the same amount of reinforcement, but a different distribution.
Is it necessary to increase the stiffness of the flush beam strip due to concentrated reinforcement?
It is not necessary to increase the stiffness. The distribution of the stiffness depends on the distribution of the reinforcement. If the reinforcement is concentrated in the area of the intermittent support, it can be assumed that there is an increased stiffness, consequently an increased loading and finally a higher determined required reinforcement. Conversely, a lower stiffness would result if the reinforcement is not concentrated in the area of the intermittent support.
Dipl.-Ing. (FH) Adrian Langhammer
Product Engineering & Customer Support
Mr. Langhammer is responsible for the development of the add-on modules for reinforced cocrete, and provides technical support for our customers.
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In the case of using the slow‑curing concrete (usually for thick components), you can reduce the calculated minimum reinforcement by a factor of 0.85 to apply the load due to restraint, according to EN 1992‑1‑1, Section 7.3.2.
Result Diagram Required As | Required Reinforcement for the Slab Shown in Section (Mid-Span) | Reinforcement Distribution
The material model Orthotropic Masonry 2D is an elastoplastic model that additionally allows softening of the material, which can be different in the local x- and y-direction of a surface. The material model is suitable for (unreinforced) masonry walls with in-plane loads.
- Is it possible to enter and design a reinforced concrete surface with a reinforcement layer in the center of the surface?
Which units are specified in the result display of the support reactions (kN or kN/m)? A note about this is missing in the graphic.
In the case that the support reactions are given in kN/m, for which distance does the value apply?
Is it possible to specify shrinkage effects as loads?
- Where do I find the setting to specify the entered structural component as a "wall" or "slab"?
- The four plates, identically loaded, show different negative moments at the point of support. Is this a mistake?
- How is the static depth d calculated in the bending design of block foundations (calculation as equivalent beams)?
- Is it possible to set parameters for shrinkage and creep calculation in RF-CONCRETE Members?
- I would like to convert the load from a surface load to a line load, that is, to apply it to the individual beams. How can I do this without using an auxiliary area?
- I have defined temperature loads, strain loads, or a precamber. As soon as I modify stiffnesses, the deformations are no longer plausible.
- Can the properties, such as B. the cross -section or the surface thickness as well as the material of a surface of an existing element for a new element?
Structural engineering software for finite element analysis (FEA) of planar and spatial structural systems consisting of plates, walls, shells, members (beams), solids and contact elements
Design of reinforced concrete members and surfaces (plates, walls, planar structures, shells)
Module Extension for RFEM
Extension of the modules for reinforced concrete design by the Eurocode 2 design