Guyed Mast for Wind Performance Measurements in Andalusia, Spain
Removable guyed masts are used not only for telecommunications purposes, but also for collecting wind data in order to evaluate the profitability of a planned wind farm. These removable and permanent towers can reach heights of up to 492 ft and are mounted at the planned windmill height in uninhabited areas.
|Structural Analysis and Design||
Lasser Eolica S.L., Madrid, Spain
The Spanish company Lasser Eólica specializes in evaluating wind data. Their services also include the design, documentation, and construction of guyed masts worldwide. The main goal of the tower structure is to achieve maximum wind permeability. Therefore, the towers consist of tubular steel trusses with a triangular ground plan. For each plane, three sets of prestressed cables are used to stabilize the tower at different heights.
To avoid measurement errors during data collection, the measuring devices such as the anemometer and weather vane must be positioned by level arms at a certain distance and a certain height from the tower surface, according to ISO 61400-12-1.
Design in RSTAB
The Lasser Eólica technical team designs the relevant load cases such as ice and wind loading depending on each individual project’s location. Afterwards, the data are entered in RSTAB using customized data sheets. The load is entered with the TOWER Loading add-on module. For the standard design, together with the global stability behavior, the team additionally utilizes the add-on modules STEEL EC3 and RSBUCK.
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RF-/HOHLPROF add-on module for RFEM/RSTAB | Ultimate limit state designs of welded hollow section connections according to EC 3
RFEM add-on module RF-LOAD-HISTORY | Consideration of plastic deformations from previous load conditions
RFEM/RSTAB add-on module RF-/STEEL BS | Design of steel members according to BS 5950 or BS EN 1993-1-1
RFEM/RSTAB add-on module RF-/JOINTS Steel-DSTV | Standardized connections in steel buildings according to EC 3
RFEM/RSTAB add-on module RF-/FE-LTB | Lateral -torsional buckling analysis according to theory II. Order (FEM)
SHAPE-THIN determines the effective cross-sections according to EN 1993-1-3 and EN 1993-1-5 for cold-formed sections. You can optionally check the geometric conditions for the applicability of the standard specified in EN 1993‑1‑3, Section 5.2.
The effects of local plate buckling are considered according to the method of reduced widths and the possible buckling of stiffeners (instability) is considered for stiffened sections according to EN 1993-1-3, Section 5.5.
As an option, you can perform an iterative calculation to optimize the effective cross-section.
You can display the effective cross-sections graphically.
Read more about designing cold-formed sections with SHAPE-THIN and RF-/STEEL Cold-Formed Sections in this technical article: Design of a Thin-Walled, Cold-Formed C-Section According to EN 1993-1-3.
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Programs Used for Structural Analysis
The structural engineering software for design of frame, beam and truss structures, performing linear and nonlinear calculations of internal forces, deformations, and support reactions
Design of steel members according to Eurocode 3
Stability analysis according to the eigenvalue method
Generation of wind, ice and variable loads for lattice towers