Wind Power Plant with Truss Segment Made of Fiber-Reinforced Molded Timber Pipes

Structures Analysed with Dlubal Software

  • Customer Project

Customer Project

An innovative research project has been carried out on the company premises of STM Montage GmbH in Lunzenau, Germany: A wind power plant with a lattice tower, where the uppermost segment consists of fiber-reinforced molded timber pipes.

Research Project Funding

Zukunftsinitiative Mittelstand (ZIM), Germany
www.zim.de

German Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWi)
www.bmwi.de

Funding code: KF 2132403WZ3

Design, Structural Engineering, Execution Technical University of Dresden
tu-dresden.de
Execution and Assembly STM Montage GmbH
www.stm-montage.de

Model Parameters

Model

Thin-walled timber pipes have a low dead load and good dynamic properties. This improves the material efficiency and vibration behavior, as well as increasing the resistance to material fatigue.

The Technical University of Dresden was responsible for the design and dimensioning of the lattice tower. RSTAB structural frame and truss analysis software was used for the design.

Structure

The lattice tower is 104 ft high in total and carries the wind power plant with an output of 1.34 hp. The lowest approximately 60.70 ft of the structure consist of S235 steel pipes. The approximately 36-foot-long truss segment with molded timber pipes d = 9.45 inches and steel pipe diagonals was placed on top.

The molded timber pipes consist of pre-compressed timber panels that have been bent into thin-walled tubular cross-sections under the action of heat and steam. The Institute of Steel and Timber Construction developed this molded timber method. The structural components produced in this way have a very high load-bearing capacity with a very low dead load. A thin layer of fiber-reinforced plastics was also applied on the outside. This increases the compressive strength by up to 50% and provides the structure with protection against weathering.

The longitudinal joints of the timber columns consist of steel pipes to which the diagonals also connect. A special feature of these connections is that they were glued. Before they were used, they were extensively analyzed experimentally and numerically by TU Dresden. The analyses resulted in the limit strengths for the connections, which could be taken into account in the RSTAB calculation.

After the construction of the lattice tower, all the steel parts and transitions to the timber pipes were given an anticorrosive coating. The research project showed that molded timber pipes are very suitable as load-bearing components in tower structures subjected to vibration. The greatest advantage is the lower dead load compared to steel, and thus the reduction of the vibrating mass. In this project, the dead load of the uppermost segment could be reduced by 1.2 tons compared to steel. In addition, the damping material properties of the timber reduced the effects of fatigue on the lower structural components.

This research project was funded by the Central Innovation Programme for Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (ZIM) of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWi).


Literature

[1] B. Hahn; T.-E. Werner; P. Haller: BAUINGENIEUR Ed. 96 (2021) No. 01-02, pp. 11-18

Project Location

Cossener Straße 2
09328 Lunzenau
Germany

Keywords

Wind power plant Truss Tower Fiber-reinforced Molded timber pipes

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  • Updated 8 April 2022

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