Visitor Center in Yangxin, China
The new visitor center is located in Yangxin in the province of Shandong in China.
Canada Wood Shanghai Headquarters
|Architect||Shanghai Lvjian Architectural Decoration Design|
Jing Kong & Associates Consulting Structural Engineers Inc.
Model Parameters of a Single Element
The building's hybrid construction utilizes a mass timber structure including tapered glulam columns and beams as well as steel elements such as the king post, tension rods, and strengthening elements hidden in the roof above the main structure.
The entire roof structure consists of repetitive individual structures resembling blooming pear blossoms. Together, these blossom elements form a perfectly shaped architectural unit. The individual structures are each supported on 5 columns with a height of 16 to 23 ft.
The columns' bottom is fixed by steel parts and glued-in-rods are employed to make the connection possible. Glued-in-rods are also used for the moment connections at the “Y” shaped joint of the roof frame. The structural analysis program RFEM was used to fully model the structure, confirm member sizes and to determine the forces for the connection design. In addition, the RF-STABILITY add-on module was further used to calculate the overall buckling analysis for the flower structure and the local buckling analysis for the king post.
The engineering firm JKA located in Vancouver, BC, Canada provided the full mass timber consulting services, from preliminary design to the critical connection design. JKA are mass timber experts providing their clients solutions to Integrity, Simplicity & Beauty.
Project LocationYangxin, Province of Shandong
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Wooden zeppelin 'Gulliver' above the DOX Center for Contemporary Art in Prague, Czech Republic (© Jan Slavík, DOX)
Side view of the timber and steel structure of the airship with the 'umbrella' membrane (© Jan Slavík, DOX)
1st Mode Shape Calculated in RF-STABILITY (© Jing Kong & Associates Consulting Structural Engineers Inc.)
RF-/PLATE-BUCKLING Add-on Module for RFEM/RSTAB | Plate Buckling Analysis for Plates with or Without Stiffeners According to 1993-1-5
RFEM/RSTAB Add-on Module RF-IMP/RSIMP | Generation of Geometric Replacement Imperfections and Pre-deformed Replacement Structures
Extension of the RF-/STEEL Warping Erosion module | Lateral -torsional buckling analyzes of members according to the second -order theory with 7 degrees of freedom
RFEM/RSTAB add-on module RF-/TOWER effective lengths | Determination of effective lengths of lattice towers
RFEM/RSTAB add-on module RF-/TIMBER AWC | Design of members made of timber according to ANSI/AWC NDS-2015 (US standard)
RFEM/RSTAB add-on module RF-/JOINTS Timber-Timber to Timber | Design of direct timber connections according to Eurocode 5
RFEM/RSTAB add-on module RF-/JOINTS Steel-Column Base | Hinged and restrained column bases according to EC 3
RFEM/RSTAB add-on module RF-/STEEL BS | Design of steel members according to BS 5950 or BS EN 1993-1-1
RFEM add-on module RF-LOAD-HISTORY | Consideration of plastic deformations from previous load conditions
SHAPE-THIN determines the effective cross-sections according to EN 1993-1-3 and EN 1993-1-5 for cold-formed sections. You can optionally check the geometric conditions for the applicability of the standard specified in EN 1993‑1‑3, Section 5.2.
The effects of local plate buckling are considered according to the method of reduced widths and the possible buckling of stiffeners (instability) is considered for stiffened sections according to EN 1993-1-3, Section 5.5.
As an option, you can perform an iterative calculation to optimize the effective cross-section.
You can display the effective cross-sections graphically.
Read more about designing cold-formed sections with SHAPE-THIN and RF-/STEEL Cold-Formed Sections in this technical article: Design of a Thin-Walled, Cold-Formed C-Section According to EN 1993-1-3.
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