Creating Parametric Cross-Section
The stand-alone program SHAPE‑THIN determines characteristic values and stresses of any thin‑walled cross‑sections. Graphic tools and features allow for modelling complex cross‑section shapes. In addition to the graphical input, it is also possible to enter the data in tables. As an alternative, you can import a DXF file and use it as a basis for further modelling. Also, each cross‑section can be entered using the cross‑section library of Dlubal Software and combined as a part with the user-defined elements.
Frequently, there is the requirement to create cross‑section series, meaning the same cross‑sections with different dimensions. Parameters allow you to quickly and easily modify the cross‑section dimensions. The parameters can be used in formulas to determine a numeric value. You can edit the formulas using Formula Editor. If a parameter is changed in the parameter list, the results of all formulas using this parameter will be adapted.
The parameters are managed in the parameter list, which can be opened by clicking the [Edit Parameters] button in the toolbar of the input table or in Formula Editor.
The parameter name (Column A) should not contain any spaces and may only be assigned once. This parameter is used to address the parameter in the formulas.
The parameter is of a certain type (Column B). Distances should only have one parameter of the length type, for example. Depending on the type, the corresponding particular unit (Column D) can be selected.
You can enter the parameter value directly into Column C or define it using a formula in Column E. In addition to the general mathematical operations, the verification is possible using the If and Max/Min functions. The $\$$ reference can refer to a specific table. For example, $\$$1.1(A1) uses the value of the cell A1 of Table 1.1. In Column F, you can set the range of values to control the values of Column C.
In addition to entering the parameters in the ‘Edit parameters’ dialog box, it is also possible to import them using an Excel file.
Formula Editor manages the equations of the parametrized input. You can open it by clicking the button in the table toolbar, the yellow or red corner in the table cell, or the function buttons next to the text box in the dialog boxes.
The formula can be entered in the ‘Formula’ text box. It can include constant numerical values, parameters, or functions. The content of the other cells can be used in formulas via references. A reference starts with an exclamation mark and the reference cell is placed in brackets. For example, !(D2) is the value of the cell D2).
The cross-section shown in Figure 06 is to be entered parametrically in SHAPE‑THIN 8.
For this, the parameters shown in Figure 07 are defined.
Then, node coordinates can be defined using formulas (see Figure 08).
The formulas used are shown in Figure 09.
In the next step, the element thickness is assigned using the corresponding parameter (Figure 10).
By changing the parameters, the dimensions of the cross‑section can now be easily adjusted (Figure 11).
Do you have any questions or need advice?
Contact us or find various suggested solutions and useful tips on our FAQ page.
Cross-Section Properties Software
Section properties, stress analysis, and plastic design of open and closed thin-walled cross-sections