Recreational Area Tension Membrane Structure in Châteauneuf-de-Galaure, France
The engineering company ACS provided the full project structural analysis and design, including the fabric membrane and frame structure.
|Investor||O.G.E.C Châteauneuf - Saint-Bonnet, Châteauneuf-de-Galaure, France|
H2C Architecture, Lyon, France
|Structural Analysis||AC Structures, Rennes, France|
ICM, Marseille, France
ACS Production, Montoir de Bretagne, France
The covered recreational area consists of 6 frames with steel tube columns and welded galvanized steel I-beams covered with a double-curvature PVC membrane. The roof spans the Foyer de Charité de Châteauneuf-de-Galaure, Drôme department school grounds.
A channel system integrated into the welded I-beams and downpipes integrated into the columns allows unobtrusive rainwater drainage and improved aesthetic appeal.
For the structural design, the following Dlubal Software programs were utilized: RF-STEEL EC3 add-on module for the calculation of the steel supporting structure, the RF-FORM-FINDING add-on module to determine the fabric membrane shape and determine the membrane ultimate limit state, and the RF-CUTTING-PATTERN add-on module to create the fabric cutting pattern geometry.
To begin, a general structural analysis model, including the steel frame and membrane, was created. The supporting steel structure was further designed taking into consideration the fabric membrane forces. Additionally, the fabric analysis and design were carried out for the overall structure design.
In the second phase, the roof panels were separated and the fabric stress curves and changing curvatures were checked. A second, more accurate and detailed model was developed.
The modeling phases alternated with the design phases to take into consideration the interaction of the fabric and frame.
Project Location85 Rue Geoffroy de Moirans,
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Defining the appropriate effective length is crucial to obtain the correct member design capacity. For X-bracing that is connected at the center, the engineers often wonder if the full end-to-end length of the member shall be used or using half of the length to where the members are connected is sufficient.
This article outlines the recommendations given by the AISC and provides an example on how to specify the effective length of the X-braces in RFEM.
For the joint components, it is possible to check whether the stability failure is relevant (requires the Structure Stability add-on for RFEM 6 / RSTAB 9).
In this case, the critical load factor for all analyzed load combinations and the selected number of mode shapes is calculated for the connection model. The smallest critical load factor is compared with the limit value 15 from the standard EN 1993‑1‑1, Clause 5. Furthermore, a user-defined adjustment of the limit value is possible. Moreover, the corresponding mode shapes are displayed graphically as the result of the stability analysis.
For the stability analysis, an adapted surface model is used to specifically recognize the local buckling shapes. The model of the stability analysis, including the results, can also be saved and used as a separate model file.
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Programs Used for Structural Analysis
Structural engineering software for finite element analysis (FEA) of planar and spatial structural systems consisting of plates, walls, shells, members (beams), solids and contact elements
Form-finding of tensile membrane and cable structures
Generation of cutting patterns for tensile membrane structures
Design of steel members according to Eurocode 3