How to Use Permeable Surfaces Feature in RWIND 2?
In Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD), complex surfaces that are not completely solid can be modeled using porous or permeability media. In the actual world, examples of such things include windbreak fabric structures, wire meshes, perforated facades and claddings, louvers, tube banks (stacks of horizontal cylinders), and so on. Models of these structures can have such a complicated geometry that it is impossible to generate mesh efficiently for them; the resultant mesh might be exceedingly fine or poor quality in certain situations. In such conditions, the computation will either be wrong or it will take a significant amount of time using supercomputers. As a result, employing a model of a medium that allows flow passage is strongly recommended when dealing with these kinds of structures.
Here we are going to explain how to use the permeable surface feature in RWIND 2 step by step:
Step 1: Modeling the Exact Geometry With Porosity in RWIND
The exact model of geometry with specified porosity (here 40% porosity is considered) needs to be simulated (Figure 2). For the implementation of the exact geometry, the option of the simplified model should be unchecked, and the mesh refinement level needs to be increased (Figure 3).
Step 2: Simulation Setup
The whole cross-section of the simulation domain should be filled by the porous surface in order to let flow pass inside the porous section. The lower boundary condition of the wind tunnel need to be set as slip to really see the pressure loss of the porous surface (Figure 4). In this way, more precise pressure drop values will obtained relevant to the porous surface.
Step 3: Two Wind Simulations with Different Wind Speeds
Here 5 m/s and 15 m/s are considered as two different wind speeds. After simulations, we need to obtain pressure loss data using a graph along the line probe option in RWIND (Figure 5,6). It is very important to consider the steady part of the pressure field diagram to avoid the effects of local pressure fluctuation, particular position, etc.
Step 4: Darcy-Forchheimer Calculator
To obtain required input parameters in RWIND, such as Darcy coefficient (D) and Inertial coefficient (I), we can use Darcy-Forchheimer Calculator (https://holzmann-cfd.com/community/blog-and-tools/darcy-forchheimer), the required information is shown in Figure 7. After entering input data, you can obtain Darcy coefficient (D) and Forchheimer contribution (F), which is equivalent to the Inertial coefficient (I) in RWIND; also L is the permeable media length in the flow direction (here is the thickness of the surface = 0.0016 m). Finally, you can substitute all parameters in RWIND table of permeable surfaces (Figure 8).
Mahyar Kazemian, M.Sc.
Marketing & Product Engineering
Mr. Kazemian is responsible for the product development and marketing for Dlubal Software, in particular for the RWIND 2 program.
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Sample of Porous Surface With Different Porosities (different porosity photo at top from © www.weathersolve.com)
RWIND 2 is a program (digital wind tunnel) for the numerical simulation of wind flows around any building geometries with determination of the wind loads on their surfaces. It can be used as a stand-alone application or used together with RFEM and RSTAB for complete structural analysis and design.
RWIND is a program (digital wind tunnel) for the numerical simulation of wind flows around any building geometries with determination of the wind loads on their surfaces. It can be used as a stand-alone application or together with RFEM and RSTAB for complete structural analysis and design.