Pavilions at Oslo Airport in Gardermoen, Norway
Nordic - Office of Architecture
|Planning, Fabrication, Assembly||
Oslo Lufthavn SA
The following data relate to Pavilion M1.
Length: ~ 89 ft | Width: ~ 62 ft | Height: ~ 16 ft
Number of Nodes: 3,216 | Members: 4,066 | Cross-Sections: 47
In the new terminal of the international airport Oslo-Gardermoen, five pavilions have been built to provide a space for duty‑free shops and restaurants.
Blumer-Lehmann AG, in cooperation with Lindner Group, planned, fabricated and assembled the freely shaped timber structures.
Nordic Architects from Oslo, Norway, was responsible for the design, and SJB.Kempter.Fitze provided the structural calculation. A total of approximately 500 Kerto‑Q panels and 1,766 ft³ of glued laminated timber were used.
The pavilions should originally be made of steel. However, due to the complexity and geometry of the structures, engineers decided to use the timber as a versatile and flexible material.
Form-finding was defined by the architects. This was followed by a refinement of the predetermined surfaces and the development of a supporting structure made of timber ribs (Kerto‑Q beams or glulam trusses). The axis model of the ribs was created and transferred to RSTAB. The structural calculation then showed the width of the ribs (the height is always constant).
About 10,000 various components were automatically labelled and then fabricated with CNC milling machines. The numbering was determined in such a way that the assembly was nearly possible without a plan.
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Programs Used for Structural Analysis
The structural engineering software for design of frame, beam and truss structures, performing linear and nonlinear calculations of internal forces, deformations, and support reactions
Timber design according to Eurocode 5, SIA 265 and/or DIN 1052