How does the material model Plastic 1D work?

Answer

The plasticity for 1D elements currently only works in relation to the normal stresses in a member. This means that only interaction between axial force and moment is possible. The shear force interaction is not taken into account. In addition, the stresses from shear force are only calculated elastically.

When applying a plastic material model, it is also important to ensure a sufficient division of the elements, because a cross-section is internally generated at each Gauss point on the member element where the stress is calculated and a reduction of the stiffness to the re-distribution of the internal forces is performed, if necessary. If, for example, the number of divisions is increased, the model may become unstable because the redistributions of stresses can no longer be carried out and thus the cross-section's loading is too high.

It is generally recommended to use a division of '50' for member elements when using the plastic material model (see the figure).

Keywords

Plastic 1D

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