Soil Model of Foundation Overlap

Technical Article

previous article presented different variants of surface elastic foundations in addition to the traditional subgrade reaction modulus method. The following article describes another method for surface foundation. This method considers the adjacent ground areas by means of a foundation overlap. In this case, foundation parameters refer to the continuing works by Pasternak and Barwaschow.

Equation According to Pasternak

$$\begin{array}{l}{\mathrm c}_1\;=\;\frac{\displaystyle{\mathrm E}_0}{\mathrm H\;⋅\;(1\;-\;2\;⋅\;\mathrm\mu²)}\\{\mathrm c}_2\;=\;{\mathrm E}_0\;⋅\;\frac{\displaystyle\mathrm H}{6\;⋅\;(1\;+\;\mathrm\mu)}\end{array}$$
$${\mathrm E}_0\;=\;\mathrm{elastic}\;\mathrm{modulus}\;=\;{\mathrm E}_\mathrm s\;⋅\;\frac{\displaystyle1\;-\;\mathrm\mu\;-\;2\;⋅\;\mathrm\mu²}{1\;-\;\mathrm\mu}$$
H = foundation thickness
μ = Poisson's ratio

Equation According to Barwaschow

$$\begin{array}{l}{\mathrm c}_1=\;\frac{\displaystyle{\mathrm E}_0}{\mathrm H\;⋅\;(1\;-\;\mathrm\mu²)}\\{\mathrm c}_2\;=\;{\mathrm E}_0\;⋅\;\frac{\displaystyle\mathrm H}{20\;⋅\;(1\;-\;\mathrm\mu²)}\end{array}$$
$${\mathrm E}_0\;=\;{\mathrm E}_\mathrm s\;⋅\;\frac{\displaystyle1\;-\;\mathrm\mu\;-\;2\;⋅\;\mathrm\mu²}{1\;-\;\mathrm\mu}$$
H = foundation thickness
μ = Poisson's ratio

The foundation overlaps applied to this method should ideally reach far enough until the settlement on the edge of the foundation overlap is close to zero. Moreover, the additional area should not have any additional governing stiffness, which is why the foundation overlap thickness should be kept very low.

In addition to a short calculation time, a further advantage of this variant is its consideration of the shear resistance. Furthermore, this method allows you to graphically display the settlement behavior outside of the foundation edge. In this way, it is also possible to represent the interaction between several separate buildings which have an influence on each other via the subsidence basin.


E0 = 10,000 kN/m2
μ = 0.2
H = 3 m

$$\begin{array}{l}{\mathrm c}_{1,\mathrm z}\;=\;\frac{\displaystyle{\mathrm E}_0}{\mathrm H\;⋅\;(1\;-\;2\;⋅\;\mathrm\mu²)}\;=\;\frac{\displaystyle10,000}{3\;⋅\;(1\;-\;2\;⋅\;0.2²)}\;=\;3,623.19\;\mathrm{kN}/\mathrm m²\\{\mathrm c}_{2,\mathrm v}\;=\;{\mathrm E}_0\;⋅\;\frac{\displaystyle\mathrm H}{6\;⋅\;(1\;+\;\mathrm\mu)}\;=\;1,000\;⋅\;\frac{\displaystyle3}{6\;⋅\;(1\;+\;0.2)}\;=\;4,166.67\;\mathrm{kN}/\mathrm m²\end{array}$$

Figure 01 - Support Conditions for Surface Elastic Foundation

Figure 02 - Local Deformations of Base Plate and Foundation Overlap

Figure 03 - Interaction of Two Separate Buildings


[1]  Barth, C. & Rustler, W. (2013). Finite Elemente in der Baustatik-Praxis (2nd ed.). Berlin: Beuth.
[2]  Kolar, V.; Nemec, I.: Modelling of Soil-Structure Interaction. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science Publishers, 1989



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